Plants

Apricot "Countess": characteristics of the variety and cultivation rules


Apricot variety "Countess" with an average ripening period and the universal purpose of the fruit belongs to the category of rather "capricious" in terms of cultivation. The originator of the variety is the Main Botanical Garden of Russia. The variety description is included in the State Register. Apricot "Countess" is recommended for cultivation in home gardening in the Central region.

Botanical Description and Characterization

Apricot trees of the domestic variety "Countess" are very tall: their height can exceed six meters. Crohn is quite leafy, rounded, with large foliage. Apricot "Countess" is frost-resistant, which makes it possible to cultivate this variety in central Russia. The grafted apricot seedlings enter the fruiting phase three or four years after grafting.

Fully ripened fruits are round or oval, the average weight of apricot is not less than 23.5-25.5 g. Timely and competently conducted rationing of the crop allows you to get fruits weighing up to 35-40 g. Ripened apricot pulp of bright orange color, dense texture, juicy and tasty, covered with a thin pubescent skin. The top coat is cream or beige yellow with an attractive and well-defined blush. Harvested is used fresh, and is also suitable for use in processing jam or compote. The variety is characterized by a high rating of fruits on a tasting scale and good keeping quality of the crop.

How to grow apricots in the middle lane

Dates and features of landing

Apricot with the aristocratic name "Countess" is one of the light-loving and heat-loving fruit plants. It is recommended to plant one-year or two-year apricot seedlings in well-lit and optimally sun-heated garden areas.

It is recommended to give preference to growing apricot on the south side of any structure or fence, which will allow plants to get good lighting and protect the plantings from the adverse effects of wind gusts.

Planting dates depend on soil and climatic conditions in the region where this fruit crop is grown. In areas of risky farming and in the northern regions of our country, it is advisable to land in the late spring. In more southern regions, characterized by a mild climate and weather conditions suitable for thermophilic plants, both spring and autumn planting of apricot seedlings is allowed.

The soil for growing apricot domestic variety "Countess" should be well drained, as the root system of the fruit tree is very important uninterrupted and high-quality supply of oxygen. Planted annual apricot seedlings are recommended to be pruned at a height of not more than 30-35 cm from the soil surface.

Today, gardeners practice planting apricots according to the 3 x 5 m pattern. Planting pits for spring planting is best prepared in the fall. The standard dimensions of such a pit are approximately 70 x 70 x 70 cm, depending on the size of the root system of the seedling, the planting pit may be larger. In areas with poor soil, it is recommended that the pit be deepened and expanded a little. Its bottom is necessarily equipped with drainage, and a nutritious soil layer is laid on top, which will ensure good plant development in the first two years.

When planting fruit seedlings in a permanent place, it must be remembered that the root system of an apricot tree needs a nutrition area that is about a couple of times larger than the size of the crown projection.

Gardeners reviews about the variety

An apricot called "Countess" needs pollen pollination with other apricot varieties, due to the self-sterility of the variety. According to gardeners, the full ripening of fruits in the presence of favorable weather conditions and proper care is observed from mid to late August. In the conditions of an arid and hot summer period, the fruits are formed quite large, with a clean and attractive surface. Subject to agricultural technology, average productivity indicators are about 69-71 kg / ha.

Apricot: planting and growing

In a rainy and cold variety, the “Countess” very often suffers from a lesion of claustosporiosis, as a result of which the formation of black spots or continuous scabies can be observed on the collected fruits. Judging by the reviews, adverse weather conditions provoke a very active gum plant detoxification.