Apricot "Saratov Ruby" refers to the new industrial patented varieties with annual and abundant fruiting. This variety attracts increased attention of farmers and amateur gardeners due to the high level of frost resistance of plants, as well as good resistance to defeat the most dangerous and common fungal infections.
Variety Description and Characterization
Apricot "Saratov Ruby" belongs to the category of varieties of medium early ripening. The fruits reach the stage of removable ripeness approximately in the second decade of July. The average weight of the marketable fruit is 38-40 g or more.
The variety is characterized by good taste and very attractive, marketable appearance of the fruit. Fully ripened apricots have a rich, orange-ruby color. Taste is very good. The pulp is tender, sweet, with a pronounced and very bright aroma. There is a small bone. Apricots have very good resistance to cracking, and are also characterized by high portability and keeping quality. The fruits perfectly retain their taste and marketability while observing the temperature regime for one and a half to two months.
The trees are vigorous, with a rounded crown. Adult apricots reach a height of 4-5 m. A feature of the variety is high resistance to all types of fungal infection of fruit stands. Also, the advantages of the variety include a high level of frost resistance not only of wood, but also of fruit buds. A sufficiently long period of deep dormancy in the fruit buds, as well as the unpretentiousness of the trees make the variety very popular for home gardening.
Apricot "Saratov Ruby": features of the variety
Reasons for falling fruit
When growing apricot varieties "Saratov Ruby" gardeners may encounter the problem of shedding not yet fully ripened fruits. The reason for this phenomenon often becomes a very large number of fruits on the branches, which as a result of strong gusts of wind can fall from the branches. You can correct the situation by rationing the crop.
Fruit shedding is often observed when the fruit tree is weakened as a result of the natural aging of plants. The reason for the shedding of unripe fruits is often an insufficient nutrition of the tree, improper feeding and watering of plants. In order to prevent this phenomenon, at least 50 liters of water should be used for watering productive apricot.
Another cause of fruit fall is the defeat of orchards with gray fruit rot. To prevent the disease, it is necessary to carry out preventive measures, and if rot could not be avoided, chemical treatment of plants should begin as soon as possible. Apricot spraying is practiced with modern effective drugs that contain copper.
In the middle gardening zone, the Saratov Ruby apricot variety, which is highly resistant to diseases, has appeared relatively recently. Nevertheless, the most effective scheme for the prevention of damage to fruit stands by the most common and harmful damaging factors has already been developed.
For the first treatment, before the phase of active budding of the kidneys, copper sulfate or Bordeaux fluid is used, which will protect the plantings from scab, moniliosis, spotting, coccomycosis and klyasteriosporiosis. The second treatment should be in the period of mass flowering. It not only positively affects the immunity of the plant, but is also able to prevent damage to plant parasites. Immediately after flowering, it is recommended to use modern combined insectofungicidal mixtures for processing.
When determining the timing of preventive spraying, you should take into account the features of the climatic zone, as well as weather conditions in the growing region. In addition, it is necessary to take into account the vegetative processes of the fruit tree. The first processing of apricot trees is always carried out in early spring, after the plant awakens. The last treatment must be carried out in the autumn, immediately after leaf fall.
Apricot called "Saratov Ruby" receives mainly positive reviews from amateur gardeners and praised by consumers. This is one of the most delicious varieties bred by Saratov breeders. A harmonious combination of acid and sugar in the juicy pulp of apricot is noted.
How to prune apricot
According to gardeners, seedlings show excellent survival in fertile and moist soil, in areas well-lit and sheltered from the wind. A spherical and sufficiently dense crown needs timely and competent pruning, as well as shaping, which contributes to regular abundant fruiting of apricots.