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Flora, including ornamental perennial and annual garden flower crops, is very popular in modern landscape design in the country. Flower beds and flowerbeds become a real decoration of a regular garden plot. The earliest and first unusually beautiful flowers in spring appear almost immediately after the snow has melted, and the decorativeness of such well-known primrose flower growers is not inferior to the most modern and promising novelties of the 2016 garden.
In order to choose which varieties and hybrid forms to plant at home or in the open ground, it is recommended to familiarize yourself with the catalog and listen to the opinions of experienced gardeners and landscape designers.
Planting and growing the most modern and promising forms allows you to get not only the most attractive, but also the most stable and unpretentious flower beds that can become a decoration of a garden plot for a long time.
Novelties for floral arrangements, received by domestic and foreign breeders in recent years, are able to satisfy the needs of even the most demanding grower.
Many varieties are perfectly restored as a result of self-sowing, which reduces not only labor costs, but also the cost of purchasing seed material. Such decorative flowering plants are perfect for filling the empty space of perennial flower beds, as well as very organically combined with a variety of types of plants.
Depending on the features of the proposed landscape design and the soil and climatic conditions of the region gardeners have the opportunity to acquire the latest and most promising varieties or hybrid forms of flowering plants, related to the news of this year.
Flowers in the country in spring
The concept of "primrose" includes more than 500 varieties of primrose. In the conditions of home gardening, several groups of primrose are grown, which differ in the origin of a beautifully flowering plant, the shape of the flowers and the shape of the leaves.
|Group name||Latin name||Botanical Description|
|Polyanthus Primrose||Primula polyantha||The flowers are different in color, including green and brown shades, as well as non-double, semi-double and double terry|
|Primrose ear, or avrikul||Primula auricula||They can be non-double, semi-double and double type and are characterized by a rosette of dense, fairly large leaves|
|Primula Sikkim||Primula sikkimensis||As a rule, they are covered with a dusty coating, with a pronounced aroma. Hanging flowers, purple, cream, yellow, pink, copper and red|
|Mealy primrose||Primula farinosa||The smallest primroses with leaves covered with farina and flowers, which may have lilac, purple, pink, pale yellow and white color.|
Of interest to home gardening is the Asian group, which includes such varieties as Primula denticulata, Primula cortusoides, Primula jesoana, Primula polyneura, Primula sieboldii, Primula capitata, Primula glomerata, Primula melanops, Primula chionantha and Primula vialii.
Best annuals and perennials
Perennial plants are often not able to bloom in the first season after planting or sowing in a permanent place. However, such plants are very popular. They do not require transplantation, and the flowering phase of most perennials is more intense and plentiful. In addition, they need less care than annuals and can be immediately planted with seedlings or seeds in a permanent place where they will grow for several years.
|Perennial name||Latin name||Botanical Description||Flowering characteristic|
|Hybrid Gravilate||Flames of passion||Plant height no more than 40 cm, compact bush||The flowers are red, double, long flowering|
|Day-lily||Alabama slammer||Plant height not more than 60-70 cm, with emerald green leaves||Burgundy flowers, lower petals whitish, yellow throat|
|The bell is milky-flowered||White pouffe||A short perennial with straight and branched type stems||Branches are white, wide-bell-shaped, collected in panicled inflorescence|
|Black cohosh simple||Cimicifuga simplex brunette||Purple-colored stems up to 170-180 cm tall, with dark, brownish-purple leaves||Compact inflorescences no more than 18-20 cm long, with white and purple flowers|
|Astilba Japanese||Astilbe japonica Montgomery||Stems erect, not more than 190-200 cm tall. Bushy growth, from direct to sprawling type||The flowers are red-violet, with a carmine hue, long flowering|
The indisputable advantage of annuals is long flowering. From such plants it is possible to obtain a significant amount of seeds for subsequent sowing. Annual plants have a powerful root system, which reduces labor costs for irrigation. Such plants are planted not only with seeds, but also with seedlings.
|Annual name||Latin name||Botanical Description||Flowering characteristic|
|Coreopsis basal||Calliopsis drummondii D. Don||Bushes with deeply carved green leaves, not less than 0.5 m high||Inflorescences with a diameter of 3-5 cm, consisting of reed and tubular flowers of golden yellow color with a burgundy center|
|Large-flowered flax||Linum grandiflorum bright eyes||Herbaceous plant up to 0.45 m high, with upright stems||Abundant and prolonged flowering with large, pale white flowers|
|Flax||Linum grandiflorum rubrum||Hardy flowering plant, with a height of not more than 0.35-0.45 cm||Shiny blood red flowers with a beautiful, satin gloss type|
|Mattiola Bicornis||Matthiola Bicornis Evening-scented||Bushes reach a height of 50 cm with a diameter of 45-60 cm||Small, pale lilac flowers that become white over time|
|Mayorette Red Rose||Alcearosea annual Majorette Double scarlet||Plant up to 80 cm tall, with very powerful straight-growing stems||Large and very lush, scarlet and bright red flowers|
Ipomoea and magnolia are popular in home gardening. which are grown in our country as annual and perennial beautifully flowering crops.
Planting on flower beds with seeds
Depending on the variety of planted plants and soil and climatic characteristics of the growing region It is recommended to adhere to the following dates for sowing flowers in the spring:
- last decade of April suitable for sowing with seeds of agrostemma, adonis, marigold, cornflower, bindweed, annual chrysanthemum, Chinese carnation, eschscholtia, gaillardia, godetia, clarkia, sunflower, annual hibiscus, limanthus, flax, malcolm, mackerelle, mackerelle, mackerel nigella,
- in the second half of may sowing of asters, Ajax delphinium, sweet pea, Iberis, coreopsis, cochia, large-flowered flax, matthiola, reseda, annual rudbeckia, Phlox Drummond, morning glory, decorative beans, annual dahlias, nasturtium, amaranth and velvet;
May is suitable for planting perennials in the form of yarrow, cuffs, bells, coreopsis, echinacea, lupins, physalis, rudbeckia, stonecrop, cloves, gravilates, mountain cornflower, feverfew, delphinium, sage, gypsophila and alpine aster.
The timing of planting and sowing seeds may vary depending on weather conditions in the region of cultivation of ornamental crops.
Care for flowering crops depends on the varietal and botanical characteristics of the plant, but it necessarily includes watering, cultivating, removing weed plants and top dressing. The type of fertilizer and the timing when the plant should be fed depend on many circumstances. Nevertheless, fertilize the soil on flower beds and flower beds should be according to the established technology for growing the scheme.
Annual flowers: planting and care
Signals for urgent dressing are inhibition of growth and development, the formation of weak and elongated stems, the presence of pale or insufficiently colored leaves, as well as the absence of flowering and poor resistance to disease. In addition, yellowing or dropping of leaves and flowers may be a sign of malnutrition. It should be remembered that the root dressing of flowers should always be done on moist soil.