What to feed an ostrich at home and how many times a day he eats

What to feed an ostrich at home and how many times a day he eats

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Ostriches are considered the largest birds. Their weight can reach 150 kilograms, and their height is 250 centimeters. Today, birds are not only found in the wild, but are also actively raised in private households or on large farms. The main purpose of breeding is to obtain healthy meat, which has excellent taste. At the same time, many farmers are interested in: what should be fed to the ostrich?

What do ostriches eat

The birds consume not only plant foods, but also notlarge insects. Vegetables, shells, cereals can supplement the menu of these large birds.

In nature

Under natural conditions, these birds live in the African savannah. There is a lot of greenery and foliage growing there. It is these products that form the basis of ostrich nutrition. Birds are able to do without water for a long time. Therefore, they often live in deserted places. There they feed on roots, branches, seeds. In addition to plant foods, birds can eat reptiles, small insects, and even rodents.

Expert opinion

Zarechny Maxim Valerievich

Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.

To replenish the body with energy, an ostrich must eat about 4 kilograms of feed per day.

On the farm

The diet of birds that are raised on a farm or in a private household largely coincides with the diet of free ostriches. However, poultry also have some differences. On farms, they are allocated much less space than in the savannah. This leads to a decrease in physical activity. Therefore, the birds' need for food decreases. The basis of the diet of domestic ostriches are greens, foliage, grass.

Making a diet at home

Feeding ostriches is easy enough. At the same time, it is important to provide them with a balanced diet that contains a sufficient amount of vitamins and minerals. A high-quality diet has a beneficial effect on the growth of birds and their reproductive functions.

With an intensive breeding method

The base of the intensive system is considered to be the absence of pasture feeding. Ostriches are raised in open-air cages. With this type of content, birds need a sufficient amount of dried grass and greenery.

For a day, an adult requires 3 kilograms of compound feed. It should be mixed with herbs, which are used in crushed form. If the ostrich does not eat all the food, its volume is reduced. The green part of the diet should include spinach, various herbs, and alfalfa. It is also permissible to give rapeseed to birds.

Outside the breeding season, maize may be used. Ready-made power schemes are considered relatively arbitrary. When developing a diet, the farmer should focus on the site, features of the content, age, weight. The purpose of keeping poultry is also important.

With an extensive breeding method

When birds are raised by this method, they must be grazed on a grassy area all the time. At the same time, it is important to build a high-quality fence. Ostriches are allowed to graze with rams, goats or cows. This type of bird breeding is considered to be the most profitable, since they are able to get their own food. With a lot of rainfall or drought, the birds need to be fed. The need for concentrated feed arises only in winter. Moreover, such food is used in small quantities.

Since ostriches do not expend a lot of energy, they need a maximum of 3 kilograms of food. This is less than what is required for birds that live in nature. To replenish the protein balance, it is worth using cake, lupine, legumes. In winter, birds should be given grass flour, vegetables, fruits, silage, root crops. Ostriches also love fresh or dried bread. In a separate container, you can pour shell rock, gravel or pebbles.

Semi-intensive content

With this type of feeding, ostriches need to be grazed in warm weather and fed with concentrated mixtures. Of no small importance is the creation of special conditions for birds in which they can independently obtain their own food.

During the first 2 months, it is worth introducing 1 kilogram of concentrates into the diet. By spring, the amount is increased to 3 kilograms. Any concentrated mixture should be combined with herbs.

How much does a bird eat per day

The amount of food depends on the energy value of the feed, age, physical activity of the birds. When compiling a diet, it is necessary to take into account the following ratio: the feed mass should be about 3% of the bird's body weight. On average, young birds are given 0.75 kilograms of food, and adults - 2.5 kilograms.

What feeders and drinkers are needed for ostriches

Do not sprinkle food on the ground. Therefore, you need to build feeders. They can be made from special devices or improvised containers. It is especially convenient to use hanging feeders.

This structure can be easily hung on a pole or tree. When placing it, it is worth considering the growth of birds. Feeders for adult birds should usually be hung 1-2 meters above the ground. This option is convenient if there are other animals in the pen. In this case, only ostriches will be able to use the feeders located at a height.

You can also make a car tire feeder. It holds 3-4 kilograms of feed. To do this, it is enough to cut the tire into 2 parts. To keep the product clean longer, you need to make several holes in its bottom. This will help remove water from the feed.

It is not recommended to make feeders out of metal objects. They will be covered with a lot of rust, which will harm the ostriches. In addition, sharp edges of metal objects can cause injury.

What shouldn't be given?

Ostriches are considered omnivores. However, there is food that is not allowed to be given to birds. Unwanted foods include:

  • parsley;
  • rye;
  • potatoes.

In addition, there are products that need to be limited. These include bran, flour, cabbage. Feeding ostriches has a number of features. When compiling a diet, it is important to take into account the age of the bird and its physical activity. This will help you choose a balanced diet that will saturate the bird's body with vitamins and microelements.

Watch the video: I Dry Aged EVERY Meat, ATE them and this happened! (December 2022).