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To liven up and decorate the garden, many planted hostu in it. This plant is popular among gardeners due to its unpretentious care. However, despite this, before planting, you must familiarize yourself with all the features of planting and caring for the host.
Description and features of the plant
Host is called the Asian flower, which many people prefer to decorate their garden with. A distinctive feature of the plant is not its flowers, but its leaves. They can be painted in light, golden, bluish or light green colors.
There are several parameters by which a given plant can be distinguished.
By height, the flower is divided into six groups.
Lovers of compact plants can plant dwarf plants on their site. They are considered to be the lowest varieties of hosts. Their height does not exceed 10-12 centimeters.
The miniature varieties are slightly higher than the dwarf ones. If you properly care for the planted bushes, their height will be 15 centimeters.
Also, small plant varieties are distinguished into a separate group, the height of which is slightly higher than that of miniature and small ones. Such bushes can grow up to 17-25 centimeters.
Most of the plants are of medium height. These bushes grow up to fifty centimeters when grown outdoors. Some grow up to 55-60 centimeters.
Tall hosta varieties are planted to decorate large gardens. Such bushes stand out against the background of other flower varieties, since their height is 70-75 centimeters.
The tallest are considered to be giant bushes, growing up to eighty centimeters. Experienced gardeners recommend tying them to supports so that they do not break.
Also, the flower may differ in its color.
Most often, gardeners plant plants with green leaves on their plots. Such bushes are suitable for decorating flower beds that need landscaping.
People who want to decorate the garden with non-standard plants plant a blue hostu. It has large heart-shaped leaves, the surface of which is painted green with a slight bluish tinge.
If your garden lacks brightly colored plants, you can plant yellow flowers. They differ from others by their large leaves, which are colored yellow. The leaves begin to turn yellow in late May and early summer.
In such plants, the leaves have a small border, which is painted white. The peculiarities of this group of plants include the fact that the leaves do not lose their attractiveness until mid-autumn.
In these varieties, the foliage is painted in two colors at once. The inside of the leaf blades is yellowish, and the outside is completely green. Sometimes the border has a bluish or light tint.
According to the shape of the sheet
Hosta bushes differ in the shape of the leaves. They can be:
- lanceolate - oblong foliage with a sharp tip;
- elliptical - each leaf on the bush has the shape of an ellipse;
- ovoid - the leaves are shaped like a chicken egg.
By sheet texture
Hosta leaves have a varied texture. They can be metallic or waxy. Also, the surface of the foliage is varnished, shiny or smooth. In some varieties, the leaves are corrugated at the edges.
There are fourteen popular flower varieties that are popular among gardeners.
This variety got its name due to the fact that the foliage of the bushes looks like a plantain. Each leaf is covered with large veins and wrinkles. The height of plantain seedlings reaches 60-70 centimeters.
A compact, low-growing plant twenty centimeters high. The bushes are covered with foliage, on the surface of which you can see small veins. The variety blooms in the middle of summer.
A distinctive feature of the variety is a thin white border on the foliage. The white-bordered hosta is tall and grows up to 75 centimeters. Blooms in the first half of June.
For cultivation near water bodies, it is better to plant a Straight-leaved variety that grows well in high humidity. The bush has large green foliage.
It is a perennial flower that forms spherical shrubs during growth. The ovoid leaves are colored green with a lilac tint. The average height is 50-60 centimeters.
A dwarf shrub, the height of which is ten centimeters. Grown in the open field or in pots on a windowsill. In summer, purple flowers form on the plant.
A miniature plant that grows only up to forty centimeters. It begins to bloom in July and ends in late September or early October.
This variety differs from other flowers by wavy foliage, in which the lower edge is painted white. During flowering, purple flowers appear.
A miniature bush whose height does not exceed 8-9 centimeters. Flowering begins in mid-July or early August. The petals are painted lilac.
Medium-sized flower with a height of 40-50 centimeters. Siebolda's foliage is ovoid and rather large. The leaf plate is covered with a faint lilac bloom.
For the decoration of flower beds and garden plots, the Decorative variety is used. Such plants can be planted both in flower beds and in special pots.
A tall bush that grows to a height of eighty-five centimeters. The foliage of the plant has a dark greenish color. The petals are yellowish.
A medium-sized flower with pointed foliage. The height of the shrub is 45-60 centimeters.
The main difference between the plant is its foliage. Its interior is bluish and the edging is bright yellow.
Landing in temporary containers at home
Plants are first grown in temporary pots or boxes.
The choice of planting material
In order for the planted seedlings to grow well, it is necessary to choose the right seed. The seedlings should be green and not dry. There should be no yellow spots on their foliage.
Before planting, all the roots must be soaked in a manganese solution in order to disinfect them. For better rooting, they can be soaked in liquids with phytohormones and amino acids.
How to plant
Before planting the hosts, holes are made in the ground with a depth of 5-7 centimeters. Seedlings are carefully planted in them and the rhizome is sprinkled with soil.
The planted plants must be properly cared for.
Watering should be done regularly, every 4-5 days. For each seedling, 300-400 milliliters of water are consumed.
Temperature and light conditions
The host does not need to be grown in the sun, as it grows well in the shade. The air temperature during cultivation should not be lower than 17-18 degrees.
The seedlings must be hardened in advance so that they adapt to temperature extremes. To do this, they are transferred from the premises to the street for 30-40 minutes every day.
Landing in open ground
It is recommended to understand in advance the peculiarities of transplanting seedlings into the garden.
It is necessary to transplant the host in early April, after the end of the frost. It is too late to plant them, so the deadline is mid-May.
Features of the requirements for lighting of various grades
All varieties thrive in shaded areas and therefore do not need to be planted in lighted areas.
When choosing a site for planting, pay attention to the ground. It should be rich in mineral and organic components necessary for the growth of seedlings.
How to plant
To plant flower seedlings, you need to dig holes 6-8 centimeters deep on the site. Then hosta seedlings are placed in them, sprinkled with earth and poured with water.
Care and cultivation
It is necessary to familiarize yourself in advance with how to care for the hosta planted in the garden.
Growing such flowers, it is necessary to periodically moisten the soil. The procedure is carried out 2-3 times a week so that the earth does not dry out. In hot summer they do this more often, 1-2 times every three days.
During cultivation, additional fertilizing is added to the soil three times.
In the spring
10-15 days after transplanting the seedlings into the garden, the soil is fed with organic matter. Peat with humus and chicken droppings is added.
When the flowers are blooming, the seedlings do not have enough mineral fertilizers. Therefore, the bushes are fed with superphosphate, as well as nitrogen-containing and phosphorus-containing compounds.
When the flowers have faded, complex formulations are used. They can contain both organic and mineral supplements.
Loosening and weeding
The area where the hosta is grown is periodically weeded. This is done to loosen the soil and remove weeds.
Preparing for winter
Hosta bushes must be prepared in advance for wintering.
Many people think that autumn is the time to stop watering the flowers. However, before the beginning of winter, the seedlings must be abundantly irrigated with warm water.
In the first half of September, the bushes are cut off. Weakened shoots and yellowed leaves are removed.
The soil must be mulched to protect the root system from frost. To do this, straw, hay or dry tree branches are lined on the surface of the soil.
For additional protection from frost, the bushes are covered. Most often, a strong plastic wrap is used as a shelter.
Diseases and pests
Hosta, like other plants, is attacked by pests and suffers from various diseases.
Decay of the root collar
Most often, seedlings suffer from decay of the root system, which in the future may lead to the death of seedlings. To prevent the onset of the disease, the bushes are regularly sprayed with fungicides..
Fusarium is a dangerous disease that affects the leaves and rhizomes. The disease cannot be cured, and therefore infected bushes will have to be dug up and burned.
If slugs have attacked the seedlings, you will have to treat them with special solutions. Effective remedies against slugs include "Thunderstorm" and "Bros".
There are three methods of breeding hosts used by flower growers.
Division of bushes
A common method for propagating flowers. Bushes in early spring are divided into several seedlings with 2-3 leaf rosettes. They are rooted, after which they are planted in a new place.
When cutting, young shoots are removed from the seedlings, which are then planted in pots. They are abundantly watered and fed so that they do not get sick.
Collection and storage of seeds
The hosts collect seeds in the middle or at the end of August. The collected seeds should be stored in a room with moderate humidity and a temperature of 15-18 degrees.
Some growers in the fall transplant the host to a new site. Most often this is done in September, before the onset of cold snaps. Before planting, the place where the flowers will be planted is fed with potassium sulfate, superphosphate and saltpeter.
How to grow seedlings from seeds
There are several recommendations that will help grow seedlings from seeds.
First, the seed must be treated with special growth stimulants. They help the seeds germinate faster.
How to drop off
Planting the seeds of a flower like the hosta is quite simple. First, in containers for growing seedlings, holes are made with a depth of 1-2 centimeters, in which the seeds are placed. Then they are buried and watered.
The seed for sprouting seedlings is planted in the middle of winter so that the seedlings can be planted in the garden in the spring.
Temperature and light conditions
Since the hosta can grow in the shade, seedlings do not need to be grown in well-lit areas. The plant is more demanding to the temperature, and therefore its indicators should not be less than eighteen degrees.
The seedlings love moisture and are therefore watered every three days. Water at room temperature is used for irrigation.
They are engaged in diving when the first 2-3 leaves appear on the seedlings. A separate container with soil mixture is prepared for each seedling.
Before planting in open ground, the seedlings must be hardened. She is periodically taken out into the street so that she gets used to temperature extremes.
Landing in open ground
When the seedlings grow to 6-8 centimeters, they are transplanted outside. Pits are made in the garden with a depth of 3-5 centimeters. Then sprouted seedlings are transplanted into them.
Growing hosts in different regions has certain characteristics.
The climatic conditions of the middle lane make it possible to grow flowers without additional shelters for the winter.
Ural and Siberia
In the Urals and Siberia, the climate is more severe, and therefore it is more difficult to grow flowers. The planted bushes will have to be mulched and covered with foil in the fall.
South of Russia
The southern climate is not suitable for hosts due to possible droughts in summer. Therefore, in the summer you will have to water the seedlings more often in order to maintain an optimal level of humidity.
In the Leningrad region, the climate is ideal for growing hosts. The rainy summer encourages the growth and flowering of this plant.
Use in landscape design
Many people use the host in landscape design. Experts recommend planting them together with garden plants such as peonies, ferns, astilbe and dicentra. This combination of cultures will create a beautiful flower arrangement in the garden.
To decorate a garden or a summer cottage, some plant a host. Before planting such a flower, you need to understand the varieties of the plant and the features of its cultivation.