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History, description and characteristics of the grape variety Irina's gift, cultivation and care features

History, description and characteristics of the grape variety Irina's gift, cultivation and care features


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Yielding grapes, early ripening hybrid Irina's gift was selected on the basis of Kesha and Elegant table varieties, popular among winegrowers. The variety requires protection in winter, as well as against fungal and infectious diseases. But subject to the simple rules of growing and care, a gardener can grow a medium-sized bush with clusters of pink elongated grapes weighing up to 1500 g.

Description of grape variety Gift to Irina

Description of grapes:

  • medium-sized bush, with an average level of foliage;
  • the leaf plates are broad-bladed, smooth, the color is bright, rich in green;
  • shoots and vines under normal conditions do not have time to ripen along their entire length, the edges remain green;
  • the shape of the brushes with berries is conical, the average weight is from 800 g;
  • the brush is densely packed with berries, cases of grape peas are excluded;
  • the berries are tightly and firmly attached to the bunch, therefore, the fruit does not fall off during transportation.

Briefly about the history of origin

Hybrid grape variety Irina's gift was bred by Kharkov breeder Vishnevetskiy on the basis of parental qualities of Kesha and Elegant table white grapes varieties. These large-fruited varieties have given the hybrid all their positive qualities.

What is good and what are the disadvantages

Among the advantages, according to gardeners' reviews, there are several qualities of a hybrid:

  • the variety is resistant to cracking of berries, subject to watering rules;
  • not subject to crushing, peeling;
  • berries in a cluster grow approximately the same size;
  • bushes can withstand low temperatures, but to protect the vine, it is better to cover with shields for the winter;
  • resistant to gray mold, rarely affected by mildew;
  • is able to preserve the taste and beauty of the brush during long-term transportation and storage.

The disadvantages, but very controversial, of this grape include:

  • when growing grapes in a harsh winter, it will be necessary to cover the bushes according to the full scheme;
  • the variety is susceptible to phylloxera;
  • attacked by wasps and birds.

Variety characteristics

Among the characteristics, there are 3 main qualities of a hybrid.

Yield

The level of yield depends on compliance with the rules for the implementation of agrotechnical measures and timely control of diseases. Under normal conditions, the gardener removes 12-15 kg of berries from 1 bush. The plant does not require additional pollinators during flowering, male and female flowers bloom on it.

Frost resistance

The hybrid is able to withstand short frosts up to 23 C, but to protect the vine requires additional shelter. For these purposes, it is not recommended to use polyethylene and other dense materials; it is enough to build a canopy from boards or old roofing felts. This is how they protect the bushes from rotting vines during sudden thaws.

Flavoring features

The variety has excellent taste characteristics. The taste of the berries is not sugary, sweet and sour, and a faint taste of nutmeg is added to the aroma. In terms of consistency, the fruit pulp is dense, juicy, but without excess water. The average weight of one grape is from 15 g. The shape is oval, slightly elongated in length. The dense skin of the berries covered with a waxy bloom has a pinkish color with the addition of a burgundy hue.

The berries are consumed fresh, but the grapes can be used to make all kinds of jams or juice.

Many gardeners claim that this grape is also suitable for making wine, but tests for this quality of the variety have not been carried out, it is considered a table grape.

What to look for when landing

Like many varieties, it is better to plant the Gift to Irina hybrid in an area with loamy or chernozem soil. The acidity level should not exceed the 3% threshold. The plant is demanding on sunlight, so an open place is chosen for planting, but without constant drafts. The maximum height of the seedling is up to 700 mm.

When buying, be sure to pay attention to the prerequisite for grafting a crop on a stock, such a plant has the best characteristics in terms of resistance to pests and diseases.

In advance, before planting seedlings, holes are dug in marked places, the depth of which is up to 600 mm, and the width is from 500 mm. The upper fertile layer of the earth is mixed with 3-5 kg ​​of manure, 200 g of superphosphate and 300 g of ash are added. The bottom of the pit is filled with a 100 mm layer of broken brick or expanded clay for drainage, then a layer of nutrient soil is poured, pouring it with a slide. A seedling is placed on the mountain, each root is carefully and carefully straightened and the roots are gradually covered with prepared soil.

The pit is poured with 20-30 liters of water, the seedling is slightly raised and completely filled with soil. At the top, leave a 50 mm distance and cover it with a layer of mulch. The minimum gap between plants is from 4 m.

Agrotechnics

To ensure normal conditions for the growth and development of grape bushes, the gardener must perform a number of mandatory plant care measures.

Cutting and tying the vine

Pruning of bushes is carried out 2 times a year. The first is sanitary, performed in early spring, after opening the bushes. During this period, damaged or dead shoots are removed. The second is the main one. This work is done in the pre-winter period. The formation of vines and shoots is carried out. The stems are retained for fruiting and replacement, and the main vine is formed. This pruning affects the growth of the bush and the level of fruiting.

Important! A gardener who leaves long shoots in the hope of a large harvest risks weakening the plant and getting a large number of clusters with small, underdeveloped berries.

For the development and fruiting of the bushes, it is required to properly tie up the entire growing season. The vine should be placed horizontally, and the stems are tied from it at intervals. It is unacceptable to lower the brushes to the ground, therefore, the shoots are tied up at a level of 250-300 mm from the ground level.

Irrigation

The hybrid does not tolerate waterlogged soil - this leads to cracking of berries, decay of roots, damage to plants by pests and diseases. The soil under the plants should always remain moist, but not wet. Repeat watering as it dries. It is recommended to carry out a drip irrigation system under the plants, it will allow adding nutrients to the water and supplying them directly to the roots.

The minimum dose of watering is 20-30 liters per plant. Use only warm water from the tank. To ensure ventilation, weeds should not be allowed to grow in the aisles and under bushes; to prevent their growth, it is recommended to mulch the soil with straw.

Make-up

All stages of plant feeding are carried out according to a certain scheme:

  • Early spring is the period when the bushes expel the green mass. At this time, it is especially important to feed the bushes with nitrogen compounds. Manure, poultry droppings - these ingredients are introduced into the soil in the pre-winter period, and when the heat comes, the nutrients reach the roots.
  • Before flowering, the bushes are fed with potash compounds. It is recommended to water the plants with a solution of 30 g of sodium nitrate diluted in a bucket of water.
  • The beginning of fruiting - the plants need phosphorus feeding. Dissolve 40 g of superphosphate in 10 l of water and water the plants.

Bushes weakened by diseases or pests can be fed with ready-made nutrient formulations for foliar feeding of plants.

Prevention and protection of the Irinka variety

Preventive and sanitary treatments of plants should be carried out at the first signs of disease and according to the gardener's calendar.

Disease prevention

Let's take a closer look at ways to combat the main diseases of grapes.

Mildew and oidium

Mildew is a disease that must be dealt with before the first signs appear. Preventive treatment of bushes with solutions of copper-based fungicides helps in this. According to gardeners, Ridomil and Ordana preparations are especially popular, but it is better to contact the manager of a garden store for advice. The industry releases new, effective drugs every season, so it is necessary to find the best option to fight the disease.

For treatments against powdery mildew, sulfur-based compositions are used, among them "Quadris", "Tilt" are distinguished.

Phylloxera

This variety is susceptible to damage by a microscopic pest. Failure to provide assistance leads to the complete destruction of the bushes on the site. Pests attack all parts of the plant, sucking out life-giving sap and limiting the nutrition of the bush. For preventive treatments use contact insecticides "Zolon", "Confidor", "Marshal".

Wasps

Against these striped aggressors, you will need to cover each brush in a cloth or mesh bag or treat them with a baking soda solution. The wasp will not suck such berries. Wasps leave the smell of smoke, so it is recommended to treat the brushes with Sochva or another solution of liquid smoke.

Inexperienced gardeners recommend destroying insect nests, but such treatment will not do much good, but more harm. Wasp is a natural enemy of many garden pests, which significantly reduces their number in the garden. Therefore, it is better to scare off the wasps or protect the berries with a bag than to destroy a beneficial insect.

Birds

The situation is the same with birds. Birds love sweet juice and berry pulp, but actively fight insects. To eliminate the problem, all kinds of scarers, tied ribbons or a scarecrow help.

How to prepare and how to cover grapes for the winter

To prepare the vineyard for winter, the bushes must be cut off, poured with 20-30 liters of water, a nutritious organic solution is embedded in the soil and the plants must be covered with covering material or wooden shields. It is not recommended to use polyethylene or linoleum for shelter.

You can use burlap wrapping or covering the bushes with a layer of straw. But in the straw, mice will definitely settle for the winter, which can damage the young bark and rhizome of the bush.

Harvesting and using the crop

Harvesting is carried out in mid-August, 120-130 days after the beginning of the growing season of the bush. The brushes are free to withstand transportation and storage, but the crop must be packed in small boxes. Grapes Gift to Irina refers to table varieties. Therefore, it is used for fresh consumption and for the preparation of all kinds of fruit drinks, juices, jams and preserves.

Conclusion

Hybrid grape variety Irina's gift will allow gardeners to grow crops up to 15 kg of sweet pink fruits. But it is necessary to follow all the rules and recommendations for growing and caring for the crop. The work is not difficult, but it requires care and responsibility. Only in this case, you can get large brushes with beautiful berries.


Watch the video: How to grow Wine Grapes (January 2023).