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Green onions are on sale all year round, but if you have a summer cottage, it is worth sowing some onion seeds on greens. A feather plucked from its garden is much tastier, and even healthier than a store one. Growing this vegetable crop is not difficult and requires little space.
Varieties for greens
During the season, you can sow onions in the ground several times, then there will be a fresh feather to the table throughout the spring-autumn season. If there is a heated greenhouse, then in winter there will be greens for cutting. The main thing is not to be mistaken with the choice of variety. There are various types of green feathers. Let's consider only some of its varieties with original names:
Parade onion bred in Holland, intended for greenery production. The variety reproduces only by seeds. The head is not formed. Instead, a stem and leaves, up to 60 cm long, grow rather quickly. The color of the feathers is dark green with a slight blue tint.
When growing Parade onions on a feather, summer residents get juicy greens with a pleasant taste. There is no sharp bitterness in the leaves, they retain their presentation for a long time and do not turn yellow. In order for the greens to come to the table regularly, the Parade variety is sown 3 to 4 times per season with an interval between plantings of 2 to 3 weeks.
The feather is cut at intervals of 38 to 50 days, the productive period of the variety lasts 80 days. Characteristics of the Parade variety suitable for cutting:
- feather length from 50 to 70 cm;
- the thickness of the white stem is 10 mm;
- the diameter of the green stem is 15 mm.
If all the rules for planting and caring for the Dutch variety are observed, the Parade yield is 8 kg / m².
Totem is an excellent mid-season Japanese onion variety grown for greens. It is grown as an annual crop by sowing seeds in open or closed ground. Sowing is recommended to be carried out from February to July in greenhouses, and in the open field they are sown in late autumn and receive early production in early summer.
The plant forms a powerful rosette, consisting of long, erect leaves, the length of which can reach 55 cm. The feather is dark green with a slight waxy bloom. Hilling plantings, get marketable stems with a long bleached leg.
The variety does not form bulbs, drives tender, juicy, non-corrosive leaves. From one plant, you can get up to 60 g of greens, from a square meter - up to 4 kg. The plant tolerates autumn bad weather well, does not lodge. The feather has an even color throughout the growing season. The taste of greens is mild, like a turnip feather.
Slime is a fruitful, frost-resistant variety of onions on a feather. There are varieties of different ripening periods. Slime propagates by seeds and vegetatively.
|Broadleaf||early maturing||2 kg / m²|
|Well of health||early maturing||4 kg / m²|
|Leader||mid-season||3.3 kg / m²|
|Green||mid-season||6 kg / m²|
The largest amount of feathers is provided by the frost-resistant Siberian variety Green. In one place, this species can grow for about 6 years, it has a good immunity to rust and downy mildew. The plant is characterized by juicy, flat leaves (up to 2 cm wide), twisting in a spiral, with a sharp taste and a light garlic aroma.
Useful properties of Slizun:
- strengthens blood vessels;
- lowers cholesterol;
- enhances immunity;
- improves the work of the cardiovascular system.
The homeland of the Skoroda onion is Germany, initially it was called Schnitt, which in German means a plant for cutting. Summer residents grow this species in vegetable gardens as an annual or two-year crop from seeds, in gardens - as a flowering, ornamental perennial.
Thin tubular leaves containing up to 3% sugars, a rich set of vitamins and phytoncides are used for food. The taste and aroma of the leaves resembles the taste of a turnip feather, but more delicate. The color of the feathers is bright green, the maximum length is 45 cm, the width is from 5 to 8 mm.
Skoroda has a powerful underground part: small oblong bulbs (up to 20 in a bush), brownish or violet-red, filamentous roots up to 50 cm long. From the second year, the plant throws out a peduncle from May to June. The color of the flowers is varied: white, pale purple, lilac. Flowering ends in August.
Descriptions of leeks were found in ancient folios, they were grown in ancient times. Despite the difficult climatic conditions of our country, varieties of this onion are grown everywhere as an annual crop. Seedlings - in regions with short summers, seeds in the ground - in the south.
The most popular are early maturing varieties that form a useful feather within 4 months:
In the first year after planting, the plant grows leaves and a white false stem. It is he who is used for food. Greens are used only when young.
Planting onions by month
Summer residents, starting in April, prepare beds for onions; for forcing a feather, they use multi-stemmed onion varieties:
- Lilac ringing.
- Studgarten Riesen.
It is possible to determine which varieties are multi-primordial by the cut of the bulb; the best species are those with 4-6 primordia. In terms of productivity, the Stuttgarten Riesen variety is good; with a bridge planting from 1 m², up to 15 kg of high-quality greens are obtained. For sale, onions are grown in heated greenhouses throughout the year; in unheated facilities, onions are planted on greens from early spring to late autumn.
When seed propagation of onions for greens, winter planting is practiced, it allows you to get the first harvest at an early date. It is important to choose the right variety, the main characteristics that you should pay attention to:
- frost resistance;
For all these parameters, Parade onions are suitable for growing. Nigella (seeds) are checked before sowing - they are poured with cold water. Empty seeds float, whole seeds sink to the bottom. The right time for sowing is the days after the first frost on the soil.
The garden bed is prepared before the onset of cold weather:
- digging shovels onto the bayonet;
- add humus and ash;
- mineral fertilizers are applied to depleted soils at the rate.
They begin to plant nigella on greens after they have properly prepared the ridge, outlined furrows with a depth of 2 to 3 cm. Seeds are laid out in furrows with a step of 3-5 cm, sprinkled with humus or ordinary earth. For the winter, the garden bed is covered with mulch. In regions where there is little snow in winter, sacks filled with sawdust are placed on the ridges.
All summer residents have been planting herbs in the country since mid-April. One of the most common questions during this period is which onion to plant on greens. The fastest and easiest way to grow onions on a feather is to plant a set in spring. For forcing greens, heads with a diameter of 2 to 4 cm are suitable.
To accelerate the growth of the feather, the planting material is prepared for planting:
- warm up the sets for 2 days, the room temperature should be above 25 ° C;
- cut off the top of the onion by the shoulders;
- dissolve a tablespoon of ammonium nitrate in water heated to 35 ° C (10 l) and soak the heads in it for 12 hours.
To save space, they are planted in a bridge way, placing the bulbs close to each other. Up to 13 kg of onion sets can be placed on a square meter. If greens are needed for home consumption, then the tape method is suitable. Furrows are made at intervals of 10 cm, the distance between the heads is not more than 2 cm. The bulbs are sprinkled with a thin layer of earth and watered.
In July, the beds are freed from under the early greens and radishes. On empty land, you can sow perennial varieties of onions for greens. So, having planted a batun onion in July, you will receive a full-fledged feather for cutting next spring.
The place for the onion of the garden should be chosen sunny where the snow melts faster in spring. Add humus and ash to the soil. Sow in rows densely, thin out the seedlings after sprouting. Maintain an interval between shoots of 3.5–5 cm.
In summer, the weather is hot, if it rarely rains, then you need to make sure that the earth does not dry out. By late autumn, a feather 20 to 30 cm long will grow on the garden bed. So that young plants do not freeze in winter, it is better to mulch the garden with peat or fallen leaves..
Planting onions in August
In August we will plant onions to provide ourselves with greens in the fall. To get feathers quickly, we will plant the bulbs in plastic containers. When the air temperature drops, they can be brought into a warm room or greenhouse.
The composition of the soil mixture for planting:
- peat - 7 parts;
- humus - 2 parts;
- garden land - 1 part.
Suitable varieties for obtaining green onions during the August planting: Shakespeare, Red Baron, Radar, Bessonovsky, Strigunovsky.
Reviews about onions and their cultivation
On the forums, summer residents share their experience of growing their favorite vegetables, you can find reviews about forcing onions for greens. Opinions about the varieties Parade and Totem are only positive.
“Green onions are on our table from early spring to almost winter. I plant only one variety - Parade from Plasma Seeds, my friend advised, she really likes it. In hot weather (35–40 ° C) I water the garden once a week, the feather does not turn yellow. "
“I sowed seeds of the Totem variety on the greens, the harvest of the feather made me happy. The leaves are large, juicy, keep well when cut, stay in the refrigerator all week without losing their taste. "
Tina, Moscow region:
“From spring to autumn, green onions are on the table. It contains a lot of vitamin C, we add it to any dishes. The choice of the cultivated variety was random. The seller in the store advised me to buy the Totem variety. I am satisfied with the quality of the greenery. I sow the seeds twice: for early consumption before winter and in early May for cutting greens in late summer and autumn. "