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Dimensions and drawings of cages for quails, how to do it yourself step by step

Dimensions and drawings of cages for quails, how to do it yourself step by step


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Properly made quail cages are a must. The meat and eggs of these birds are nutritious and healthy, therefore they are popular with consumers. To provide birds with increased egg production, you should create comfortable living conditions for quails that are close to natural ones. Cells can be purchased or made by hand.

Calculating the size of the cage

The quail is a bird from the pheasant genus, the order of chickens. She is small in size, lives in nature, and at home it is extremely difficult to tame. Therefore, keeping birds in cages is considered the most effective way to achieve good productivity.

The sizes should be calculated based on the total number of livestock. A full-fledged family is needed to raise and breed quails. It should consist of 5-7 females and one male. If the purpose of keeping quails is solely to obtain eggs, then up to 25 birds are placed in one cage. For fattening for meat, keeping conditions are similar, but the owner should take into account that there is a high probability of fights among males. For such cases, a rearing cock isolator should be provided.

Design for a small number of birds

Before you make the cages yourself, you need to have an idea of ​​the size of this bird, then calculate the area. The average weight of a male is 140 g, and of a female - 180 g, with a body length of 12 cm.The stocking density of quails should be up to 100 cm2.

Approximate sizes of cages for quail parent stock:

  • for 10 heads - 30x75 cm;
  • for 20 heads - 40x90 cm;
  • for 30 heads - 45x150 cm;
  • for 50 heads - 75x150 cm.

Before starting work, it is necessary to complete an approximate drawing in order to understand the scope of the upcoming work. In some cases, a temporary version is made - single-tier cages from a frameless mesh, designed for twenty heads. You can build multi-tiered structures for forty birds or more.

Mandatory requirements

Any species of animals and birds that humans keep to obtain meat, milk, eggs require special conditions of detention. You need to familiarize yourself with them in advance in order to be prepared for possible difficulties. Among the requirements for structures for quails, and in general for their content, are the following:

  • the air humidity in the room where the birds are kept should be within 18-20 ° C;
  • the room should be bright, warm and ventilated if necessary;
  • inaccessibility to rodents and predators;
  • feeders and drinkers are placed outside the walls of the cage;
  • only the bird's head should pass between the rods;
  • the height of the structure is no more than 20 cm to prevent sudden jumps, as a result of which birds are often injured;
  • for egg-laying birds, an egg-rolling tray should be placed on the floor;
  • a litter tray should be placed under the mesh floor - this greatly simplifies the cleaning process.

Feeders and drinkers are placed outside the front wall

If necessary, the cages should be equipped with an additional light source and heating. If any errors in care are made, the bird's plumage will be the first to signal this, while egg production sharply decreases. Therefore, the manufacture of cells must be approached responsibly.

Selection of a place for placement

Even minimal comfort will be enough for quails. The location chosen for the placement of quails should not be in direct sunlight. Otherwise, the bird may receive heat or sunstroke, which negatively affects its health and productivity.

Expert opinion

Zarechny Maxim Valerievich

Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.

It is important to exclude drafts. A bird, especially a young bird, grows and develops poorly if the cage is located next to an open window and is constantly exposed to the air flow.

The optimum air temperature at which the quails are comfortable is from 16 to 24 ° C. At low temperatures, use heating devices. The noisy environment around them affects the birds very badly. They are prone to stress, which negatively affects egg production. Therefore, you should not place a cage with birds in the same shed with other animals, especially those that behave very restlessly. Better to find a quiet place.

How to make a cage with your own hands at home

Cage drawing

Any design should include:

  • frame;
  • door;
  • floor;
  • a chute for rolling eggs;
  • a pallet for collecting garbage and droppings;
  • feeder and drinker.

For manufacturing, it is necessary to decide in advance on the materials that are suitable for keeping quails.

Wooden

Wooden structure

To complete a homemade wooden cage, you will need to purchase slats. You can make a frame from them. The floor must be tilted forward. Its end should go beyond the frame and end with a kind of limiter. Laying eggs will roll down there.

A pallet can be made of galvanized iron sheet and upholstered inside the cage. For drinkers and feeders, make the necessary holes. Build a bolt on the door.

Cage made of wood

From a metal mesh

A metal mesh cage has a number of advantages. A multi-tiered structure can be made from it. Step-by-step instruction:

  1. Bend the mesh sheet in several places to form a rectangle. The device should provide for a floor slope, gutter, limiter.
  2. Make the ends from chipboard or plywood sheet, attach the mesh using corners.
  3. In the place where the door should be, cut out a part of the wire and attach it to the curtain.
  4. After the holes for the drinker and feeder have been cut, the burrs must be carefully cleaned.

The material should be chosen dense and rigid so that the structure will serve for a long time.

From plastic boxes

A similar design is suitable for temporary placement of a bird.

Temporarily quails can be placed in plastic boxes. To do this, you need to prepare containers of the same size. Saw off the legs on the boxes, use the lower one as a pallet. Wire the rest of the containers together. Cut holes for drinker and feeder. The door is made on the ceiling by cutting a hole in the bottom of the upper drawer. Quail eggs should be collected in a timely manner or a chute should be provided to roll them off.

Plywood

Making a cage from plywood or chipboard is easy. Cut the ceiling, butt, side walls from plywood. Cut openings for the door and drinker with a feeder. Treat with antiseptic to keep birds safe. Attach the parts to each other with self-tapping screws and corners. Next, cut out the floor, taking into account the angle of inclination.

From a drywall profile

Cell stacked battery

From a drywall profile, you can build a cage rack for 100 or more heads. The rack contains at least 3 cells, which are placed on top of each other. However, initially you need to complete a diagram or drawing.

Single-tier cell drawing

You will need a three-centimeter profile for drywall (under the frame), as well as an eight-centimeter one for feeders. A frame is made of a three-centimeter profile, which is connected with screws. The rest of the structure is constructed from metal mesh.

Drawing of a multi-tiered structure


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