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Black cherry tomatoes have a pleasant sweet taste. The variety is also called black cherry tomato, black cherry or black cherry. The fruit of the variety looks like a candy bar. The variety was bred by experts in the United States in 2003. The decision to enter the tomato into the State Register of Russia was made in 2009. Tomatoes of this variety are successfully grown in central Russia. In northern areas and Siberia, tomato is grown only in a greenhouse method.
Black cherry bushes are quite tall. Tomato stems resemble a vine, with dense clusters of tomatoes in the form of ripe cherries. The time from the appearance of the first shoots to the receipt of the harvest ranges from 112 to 120 days. The tomato is resistant to cladosporium disease. The yield from one bush, subject to the observance of agrotechnical measures, can be more than 5 kg.
The attractiveness of the variety in the unusual appearance and high taste of tomatoes. The main disadvantage is the need for constant inspection of plants and the formation of a bush, possible cracking of the skin of tomatoes during ripening.
Cherry tomato is quite sensitive to lack of light and nutrients. Fast-growing stems must be tied up in time, otherwise they may break off or bend to the ground.
Cherry tomato has a peculiarity - on the bush, the side stems are thicker than the main one. The largest number of ovaries with fruits on lateral shoots. This variety is not hybrid - having purchased seeds once, you can get them from your harvest for planting the next year.
Description of fruits
Cherry tomatoes are small in size: about 3 cm in diameter, and usually weigh less than 20 g. Flesh with medium density cherry hue, when ripe in shades of the upper skin, there is a black palette with a dark purple tint.
This color is formed due to the presence in the fruits of a large amount of anthocyanin - a substance that has a therapeutic effect in colds, has an antiviral effect and increases immunity. Regular consumption of these tomatoes improves vision. It has been noticed that anthocyanin acts as a cancer prevention.
Each cherry tomato fruit has 2 - 3 seed chambers. Up to 9 tomatoes can ripen simultaneously in one brush.
The main advantage still lies in the originality of the taste of tomatoes. Their description notes that the tomatoes are sweetish, with an extraordinary aroma.
Harvest the fruits necessarily when biological ripeness is reached. If the picking of tomatoes was carried out ahead of time, the fruits that have reached technical ripeness on the bush, and only then went through the ripening process, have lower taste and fewer nutrients.
Black cherry tomatoes can be stored for quite a long period. They are pickled and canned in pickles, added to vegetable or fruit salads. Black cherry is used as a decoration for ready meals when serving. Tomatoes are dried and dried for the winter. If fresh tomatoes are transferred to a room with a temperature of +5 to +8 degrees, they can be stored for 1 month.
Growing Cherry Tomatoes
The description of the variety includes information about the resistance of tomato bushes to low temperatures. Tomatoes sprout amicably, have a high resistance to disease. In order to grow this tomato variety with the best results, Black cherry is planted in the soil in seedlings.
Seeds are sown about 2 months before planting seedlings in open ground or in a greenhouse. The distance between the bushes should be at least 60 - 70 cm, and between the rows - at least 1 meter. The peculiarity of tomatoes is that the plants require pinching.
The characteristic of the variety notes that the bushes can grow up to 180 cm, and in greenhouse conditions - up to 2 meters in height. Reviews of those who planted these tomatoes confirm the need to tie the stems to the trellis. An important task for gardeners is the timely removal of stepchildren from Black cherry tomatoes.
Usually 1 - 2 stems are left. The stepchildren cut off in a timely manner, leaving the stalk no more than 2 centimeters. Strong bushes and a large number of fruits force the use of top dressing.
Irregular watering leads to cracking of the fruit at the time of ripening. Fruiting lasts a long period, up to autumn frosts.
Possible tomato diseases and pests
There is a danger of infection of Black cherry tomatoes with diseases, viruses, fungi characteristic of nightshades.
Most often, phytosporosis infection occurs - foliage falls off. High humidity is often the cause of the disease. To avoid the problem, the bushes are treated with Fitosporin, and in greenhouses with tomatoes they are often ventilated.
You can cope with phytosporosis using the folk method: milk whey is diluted with water in equal proportions and sprayed with tomato bushes. If the previous options did not have the proper effect, every 15 days, the bushes are sprayed with a solution consisting of 1 Trichopolum tablet per liter of water. The beds are treated with Bordeaux liquid or Mikosan.
Apical rot disease manifests itself as darkening on the top of the bush. As a preventive measure, when planting seedlings, a handful of wood ash and calcium nitrate are added to each hole - it is enough to take 1 tbsp. l. of each substance. The lack of trace elements and moisture in the soil is evidenced by the process in which the foliage of tomato bushes curls.
Plants grown in greenhouse conditions can be affected by aphids and whiteflies, and in open beds, bushes are eaten by a spider mite. It is possible to cope with pests of tomatoes thanks to the use of ready-made insecticide Fufanon or Verticillin.
Folk methods will also help - spraying the bushes with herbal infusions of chamomile, yarrow or ordinary tobacco.