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Description and characteristics of the pear variety Memory Zhegalova, planting and care

Description and characteristics of the pear variety Memory Zhegalova, planting and care


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Pear variety Pamyat Zhegalova is a late-ripening variety widely grown in Russia and the countries of the former USSR. The tree does not require painstaking care, tolerates drought, frost, has a strong immunity to pests and diseases. The fruits are famous for their presentation, they can be grown for sale or personal consumption. Before planting, it is advisable to familiarize yourself with agricultural technology.

Breeding history

The hybrid variety was bred by breeders S. Potapov, S. Chizhov, it was named after a famous geneticist from Russia. The variety has turned out due to the symbiosis of pears Forest Beauty and Olga. The species has gained popularity since the 1980s in the Central regions.

Description of fruits, trees

Zhegalov's memory pear is a medium-sized, fast-growing tree with a funnel-shaped bush. During fruiting, the crown is oval, the skeletal shoots are vertically inclined. The trunk is brownish-brown, the branches are light gray. With color, a fragrant atmosphere is created in the garden, whitish inflorescences grow of extraordinary beauty. The pulp is white, juicy, aromatic, with a sweet and sour aftertaste.

Pollination

The variety is self-fertile, requires a number of pollinators, which the bees will flock to. Other trees should be planted as close to each other as possible. You can also be vaccinated on the same crop of different varieties.

Yield

The pear tree of the Pamyat Zhegalova variety is famous for its abundant yield, up to 40 kg of fruit are harvested from 1 tree. Ripeness is determined by the color of their seeds. When they turn white, you can start harvesting the fruit after a week. Ripening occurs at the end of September, lasts until the beginning of October.

Advantages and disadvantages

Pear The memory of Zhegalov assumes many positive qualities, there are practically no negative sides.

prosMinuses
The trees are not tall, which simplifies the process of pruning the bushesSelf-fertile variety
High resistance to pathologies, beetles
Early maturity
Regular yield
Good cold resistance

The nuances of growing

Pear seedlings are planted in a suitable place, on pre-prepared soil, according to the rules. Before planting, seedlings are prepared. It is optimal to plant a pear in Memory of Zhegalov from April 25 to early May, or from the last days of September to October. In autumn, the planting material is of better quality, the trees take root more safely, the roots are regenerated. In cold areas, spring planting is resorted to.

Where is it better to plant in the garden

A place for a pear Zhegalov's memory should be protected from the wind, well lit by the sun's rays. The variety loves any soil, except for sandy, gravelly. The pear grows successfully on chernozems with a neutral alkaline reaction and chestnut soil. If the land is acidic, liming is carried out.

Soil preparation

The land is prepared for planting in the fall, compost, superphosphate, potassium chloride are added to it. The soil is plowed on a shovel bayonet, weeds are removed. 2 weeks before planting, dig a hole 60-70 cm in diameter, 1 meter deep. A fertile soil layer is laid, 2 buckets of fresh humus, sand and 200 g of superphosphate are added. The composition is mixed, covered with a film. A bucket of water is poured into the holes, 400 g of fluff are put. A peg is driven into the middle of the hole, to which the seedling will be tied.

Selection and preparation of seedlings of the Pamyat Zhegalova variety

Before planting, young trees are checked for damage, only high-quality specimens are selected. They must be 2 years old. The dry parts of the shoots are torn off from the seedlings. They are dipped in a solution that stimulates the growth of rhizomes for 2 hours, like the Matador or Epin. You can also dip it in potassium permanganate for disinfection for half an hour.

Planting process

The pear Memory Zhegalov is planted according to the steps below.

  1. A seedling with a straightened root system is placed in a hole. If it has a closed rhizome, place it with a lump.
  2. The tree is covered with soil, compacted, watered abundantly.
  3. The seedling is tied to a support stick, the ground is mulched with peat, sawdust or humus.

After carrying out the steps below, the trees are watered again at the root.

Variety care Memory Zhegalova

Standard crop care involves regular watering, feeding, loosening the near-stem circle. Periodically, pears are treated for beetles and harmful diseases.

Watering rules

Pear seedlings are watered by the rain method, it involves spraying streams of water. The liquid is also introduced into the trunk circumference under the rhizome. 1 tree takes 30 liters of water. Adult pears are watered depending on the weather conditions. In the spring, trees are irrigated when the top layer of the earth dries up. Before the beginning of summer, add water 2 times. In summer, the first watering is carried out in early June, the second time in mid-July.

During dry periods, fruit trees are additionally irrigated in August and September.

Nutrient Application Scheme

Fertilize the pear Memory Zhegalov according to the scheme below.

  1. In the spring, the pear is fed with nitrogen compounds, they stimulate the growth of greenery. Natural fertilizer is also taken as poultry manure. For 10 liters of water, you will need 0.5 kg of droppings. It is insisted for 1 day, after that, it is poured at the root.
  2. During the pollen period, add 300 g of urea, diluted in 10 liters of liquid.
  3. After the ovaries have wilted, a mixture of superphosphate and sodium humate is added under the pear, 0.5 kg of nitrophosphate, 10 g of dry humate and 100 liters of water are taken.
  4. In the fall, a mineral mixture is used for Zhegalov's pears. Take 1 tbsp. potassium, 2 tbsp. superphosphate, 1 tbsp. calcium. The components are diluted in 10 liters of water.

Thanks to top dressing, pear productivity is stimulated, the quality of fruits improves.

Pruning pear

A pear bush is formed in the 2nd year after planting. A properly performed procedure allows you to trim the crown so that the tree will devote all its strength to the growth of new shoots.

The manipulation consists of 3 stages:

  • formative pruning, allowing you to make the right bush;
  • sanitary - carried out before the growing season, involves the removal of dried and affected branches;
  • supporting - the main procedure for circumcision, it is carried out from the beginning of March to April, parts of large shoots that are not overloaded with fruits are cut off.

Young seedlings are pruned immediately after planting. Then the skeletal branches are determined, the future bush is formed for 2-3 years. This approach greatly facilitates the further care of the crown.

Major pollinators

Pear Memory Zhegalov should be pollinated by nearby pollinators. You can plant varieties of Bergamot Moskovsky, Marble, Yakovlev's Favorite, Elegant Efimova. In the northern regions, there is a Chizhovskaya pear, which has high frost resistance. It is not worth planting other fruit trees next to the pear.

Diseases, harmful beetles

The pear is rarely affected by fungal diseases, but experienced gardeners recommend preventive treatment. To protect it from brown spot, beetle attacks, it is treated with Bordeaux liquid 1% and copper sulfate. Additionally, you can spray trees with insecticides, fungicides. Provided proper care, mulching of the trunk circle, fertilization, the culture will not be exposed to invasions of pests or diseases.

What regions is the variety adapted to

Pear is oriented to cultivation in the Central regions, in the northwest, in the central black earth regions, in the northern Caucasus and the Volga region.

You can plant it in any cities in Russia and the CIS countries, since the variety successfully takes root almost everywhere.

Ripening terms and storage of the crop

Since the pear variety Memory Zhegalova is late ripening, it is necessary to harvest the fruits immediately so that they do not fall off. Harvesting has been done since the third half of September. It is advisable to pluck slightly unripe specimens, they will last longer. They are stored in a cool place, they do not lose their presentation for up to 1 month. This can be a basement, cellar, refrigerator. At a temperature of 0 degrees, the shelf life is 120 days.

The best taste is for pears taken from a tree, stored in room conditions for up to 2 weeks. Their use is universal, fruits are eaten fresh, they are used to make preserves, jams, compotes. Since the fruits have an attractive presentation, excellent taste, they are excellent for sale.


Watch the video: Summer Pruning Espalier Apple and Pear Trees (September 2022).


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