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The whole truth about the best peppers in 2021 lies in the availability of early, high-yield varieties, as well as new hybrids, from seed suppliers. Sweet peppercorns are invariably present in salads, cuts. Homemade canning is prepared from them. Information about the timing of ripening, species characteristics will be in demand by different categories of summer residents - both with experience and beginners.
Super early varieties of bell peppers for 2021
Each vegetable has its own term. The approval works for any garden crop, with the exception of early, early ripening crops. These species are distinguished by the ability to bear fruit earlier than others, in a short time. Such vegetables will come in handy after a cold winter, when the body is in dire need of vitamin supplementation.
Choosing one or another variety to your taste, do not forget to compare the "place of registration" with the characteristics: the species for the Moscow region are not always suitable for Siberia or the Urals. In these regions, there are different climatic zones, vegetation periods, and the length of daylight hours in summer as well.
This variety belongs to the mid-early, although it can be considered ultra-early ripening. From the moment of planting seedlings to collecting ripe peppers, 60-65 days pass. The bush is strong, sturdy, reaches a height of 70 centimeters. It is characterized by a high density of foliage, which allows you to painlessly endure sharp injections of the sun's rays.
The pepper is juicy, tasty, suitable for preservation. Fruits up to 16 centimeters long, 6 in diameter. The mass of one pepper is 100-120 grams. The color of the peel is light, with a green color at the beginning of ripening (technical ripeness) and red at the end (biological). Equally successful will be the use in food raw (salads, sliced) and salted, pickled form.
The hybrid is intended for growing in greenhouse conditions, under glass or film. Ripening period - from 100 (technical ripeness) to 120 days (biological). The plant is strong, grows up to 2 meters, but requires support. Fruits contain 3-4 chambers, covered with glossy skin. As they mature, the peppers change color from green to rich red. Weight - up to 200 grams. The wall is thick, fleshy, up to 10 millimeters.
This species ripens equally well in 80-90 days in the open field and in the greenhouse. Growth rates are average, plants do not form into giants, at the same time they cannot be ranked as dwarfs. The shape of the fruit is a cone, the weight is up to 120 grams. Mixed color: soft green in technical maturity and bright red in biological. The transition itself between states is fast, no more than 15 days. Distinctive features of the variety are taste and preservation of presentation, resistance to transportation.
The variety belongs to the hybrid, produced by the Sakata breeding group. At the beginning of ripening, the fruits are milky white, gradually turn red and gain up to 200 grams. The length of one pepper is up to 100 millimeters, the diameter is 90 in the presence of 3-4 chamber voids inside the fruit. Great for greenhouses, open ground, transportable. An extremely juicy and tasty variety.
Early maturing crops worth planting in 2021
This category contains varieties that are classified as early, but not early ripening. The varieties are ordered according to this characteristic, suitable for growing in different conditions. Peppers differ in the size of the fruit and color of the peel, are intended for eating, canning.
This species cannot grow successfully in open beds, it is unpretentious and hardy. Bushes are low, up to 50 centimeters. Fruits are small, up to 150 grams. Initially, the color is bright yellow, after reaching biological ripeness - red. Resistant to pathogens of garden diseases.
The variety is undersized, hardy and unpretentious. Begins to bear fruit 4 months after hatching. The shape of the fruit is conical, with a rounded top. Peppers are not susceptible to fungal attacks, according to their characteristics, they are compared with Topolin, Kolobok.
This species has small fruits, weighing up to 70 grams. They appear 80 days after successful sowing. Peppers have a high content of vitamin C, the pulp is juicy, the wall thickness is average (up to 7 millimeters). The main advantage of the variety is early maturity.
Accelerate among peppers: the bushes stretch up to 1.2 meters in height. The fruits are massive, weighing up to 260 grams, with a wall of about 7 millimeters. There are cases when giants under a kilogram grew on Montero. It belongs to the productive subspecies, is appreciated by gardeners for its taste characteristics.
A variety from the category of early ripening. Harvest is ready for harvest in 3 months. Bushes feel great in greenhouses, grow to a height of 1 meter. The fruits are small, bright red, weighing about 60 grams. The wall is moderately thick, up to 6 millimeters. Up to 4 kilograms of fragrant, juicy peppers are obtained from one square meter of the plantation.
Mid-season varieties - this is a reasonable "golden mean": they ripen not too early, but not too late. Also, these species "beat" competitors with excellent taste: juicy, sweet, without the slightest admixture of bitterness. Experienced gardeners cultivate several varieties with different ripening times. Due to this, they harvest throughout the summer season.
Red and yellow bull
Red refers to specially bred large-fruited hybrid varieties. It takes root well in greenhouses, greenhouse farms, open beds. Tested for strength in the southern and central regions of the Russian Federation. Juicy, sweet, the weight of the fruit reaches 250 grams with a length of up to 20 centimeters. The pepper is thick-walled (up to 10 millimeters), but not too hard. The rind is medium hard, with a glossy sheen.
Yellow is also not a pure variety, but a hybrid one, in obtaining which special attention was paid to the size of the pepper, the weight of the fruit. Both breeders and amateurs are satisfied with the result: the length of the vegetable is 20 centimeters, the thickness of the pulp at the cut is 1 centimeter. The average weight of "strengthened" fruits is up to 250 grams, and this is not the limit. There are specimens up to 400 grams in weight.
The skin of such a giant is surprisingly thin and soft. When ripe, the Red Bull and the Yellow Bull are filled with juice, becoming, respectively, bright red and deep yellow in color.
The Atlant variety is considered fruitful, and it also has a high resistance to standard garden diseases. The growing season is about 75 days, this is the early group in terms of ripening. With the compact size of the bush, rather large fruits develop on it, up to 200 millimeters long or more.
Another obvious advantage of the species is juicy, tasty peppers with a soft wall, up to 1 centimeter thick. When the fruits are fully ripe, they take on a deep red color. The shape is conical, the weight of one pepper is up to 150 grams.
Description and characteristics of late-ripening varieties
Late varieties differ from others for the better, since there are no sweeter and tastier peppers. The only limitation is that this species will not mature in every climate; it cannot be grown in cold regions. But in the southern and middle - please. Along with the early and mid-season varieties, the late ones are deservedly popular with gardeners.
The Zephyr species is somewhat capricious: the best results are achieved with it by growing bushes under film or agrofibre. The plant is resistant, does not require additional support. The shape of the fruit is a classic cone, the weight of one joke is up to 170 grams. The pepper is juicy, soft, extremely tasty, with a characteristic aroma. At first, the vegetables are green, and as they ripen, they gradually acquire a bright red color. Suitable for food and homemade canned products.
The bushes are medium-sized, equally good for growing in open space and in greenhouses. The seedlings take root well, the plant height is up to 75 centimeters. The shape of the pepper is cubic, the size of the fruit is up to 110 millimeters. The wall is moderately thick, up to 9 millimeters. The color changes successively from salad green to honey yellow. The pulp is juicy, sweetish.
The plant is fully consistent with its name, grows to a height of 80 centimeters. Peppers are cone-shaped, weighing up to 200 grams. The wall thickness is small, about 5 millimeters. Ripening, the fruits turn red from green. Bogatyr does not mature quickly: in 4-5 months. But one square meter of the plantation brings up to 8 kilograms of harvest.
The variety thrives both outdoors and in the greenhouse. Resistant to pathogens, fungi. It is transportable, well preserved after collection, without losing its commercial characteristics. The fruits are rich in vitamin C.
What is better to plant in polycarbonate greenhouses
For greenhouses, there are many different designs and materials, both traditional (film, glass) and modern (polycarbonate). Polymers are capable of competing with glass in terms of light transmission, but they are much lighter in weight and easier to install. A big plus is that from April to late autumn (November) vegetable crops can feel comfortable, reliably protected from external influences. In the "plastic" greenhouse they successfully grow:
That is, in these conditions, vegetables grow no worse, if not better, than in standard greenhouses covered with glass and film. Given the ideal growing opportunities, early, medium and late varieties of peppers are planted in a polycarbonate greenhouse - all of them are guaranteed to ripen and bring a bountiful harvest.
Star of the East chocolate
A bright representative of a mid-season variety. And he also has a yield at the level of the record holders, large, massive fruits weighing up to 350 grams. When ripening, the pepper acquires a slight admixture of chocolate in addition to the bright red. Technical ripeness is characterized by a dark green color. At all stages of ripening, pepper has a characteristic aroma, juicy and tasty.
This variety is suitable for cultivation in the open field, in greenhouses under a film. Bushes grow small, but strong, up to 40 centimeters. The main thing is to take into account the timing of planting seedlings in order to have time to move the pepper to the garden. After the "high" views, this requires a specific approach.
First of all, the plant needs a garter. But not standard, but gentle, one in which the integrity of the stem is not violated. Otherwise, wilting will begin, the pepper may die. Low bushes tolerate cultivation in film tunnels, and produce abundant and regular harvest of sweet peppers for salads and canning.
Hybrid variety with early maturing performance. It takes no more than 110 days from sprouting to the ripening of the peppers. Experienced gardeners use this quality when sowing seeds for seedlings in early spring (March). Sweet, juicy vegetables are ready for the table by June. The fruits are large, massive, each weighing up to a quarter of a kilogram. They calmly endure storage and transportation, do not lose product characteristics.
A unique look with an unusual color. Ripening period - 145 days. The fruit is slightly curved, with an average wall thickness (up to 7 millimeters). The color of ripe pepper is intense purple, rare. Bushes develop actively, rising to a height of one and a half meters. They need support. The variety belongs to salad, successfully cultivated in greenhouse conditions.
A variety of domestic selection, obtained at the Edelstein vegetable station. Zoning was carried out in 1995, in the center, in the northwest, on the black earth. Full maturation occurs within 88-100 days. Characteristic features of the species: unpretentiousness, suitability for greenhouse and open breeding conditions. The bushes are vigorous, up to 100 centimeters in height. The branching is not strong, 2-3 shoots. The fruits are distinguished by good appearance, juicy taste, productivity and serious size.
Popular open field crops
"Open" peppers, by default, are more hardy than sissies from greenhouses, better tolerate attacks of pathogens, attacks of pests. As a result, the gardener should get juicy, sweet fruits for a variety of uses - cuts, salads, canning.
There are also species that are grown without consequences, both under film or glass, and in natural conditions.
This species is rare for Russia. The variety with a bright orange color belongs to the product of domestic selection. For pepper, the color is unusual and unusual, which does not affect the taste, technical characteristics of the fruit. According to laboratory studies, orange is clearly associated with sweetness, as these vegetables contain beta carotene. Big Mom is good for health, recommended for heart disease, to strengthen blood vessels. Moreover, such peppers are juicy and tasty, they are successfully used raw and canned.
Medium-sized bushes bred in Western Siberia and adapted for a harsh climate. Peppers are honey-yellow in color, fruit shape (slightly swollen, reminiscent of a barrel). The vegetables are large, weighing up to 200 grams, with a wall thickness of 7 millimeters. Agronomists, in addition to endurance and unpretentiousness, have achieved decent commercial characteristics from Dandy.
A species that develops not upward, but wider: bushes with a pronounced spreading form of growth. The height reaches 60 centimeters, the pepper needs additional support. According to its characteristics, the variety is of medium ripeness, it reaches the technical level in 116-120 days. The Swallow has a good yield: the square world of the plantation will bring up to 5 kilograms of sweet pepper.
The shape of the fruit is a classic, slightly swollen cone. The wall is 5 to 7 millimeters, the color is bright red. The length of ripe specimens is up to 100 millimeters, weight is up to 100 grams. It is positioned as an easy-to-grow variety.
Yielding variety, medium in terms of harvest time. It is more correct to call Belozerka a hybrid. The bush grows to a height of 70 centimeters, the fruits are yellow at first, then gradually turn red. They are resistant to pests and diseases, extremely tasty, with an emphasized sweet note and juicy pulp.
It grows well in the field, in the open field. The height of the bush is up to 1 meter. Fruits are red in color, straight configuration, up to 13 centimeters long and weighing up to 50 grams. The wall is of moderate thickness, no more than 4 millimeters. The species is classified as early maturing.
In Triton, with the compact size of the bush, bright red, sweet peppers grow. Unpretentious, ripens early. Fruit weight - up to 150 grams, medium wall. The pulp is juicy, suitable for salads and preservation.
The most productive varieties
High-yielding species are always of particular interest to agronomists, since, other things being equal, they get more fruits from one bush.
It belongs to powerful, especially fruitful hybrid varieties. Not susceptible to tobacco mosaic pathogen. In the south, it is grown in garden beds, in other regions - in greenhouses. The height of the bush is average, the fruit is massive (20 grams or more), red and sweet.
The variety begins to bear fruit in 95-130 days after germination. Fruits are green at technical, yellow at biological ripeness. Straight shrub with little branching. The height of an adult plant is up to 1 meter. Fruits are conical, weighing up to 200 grams, with a length of 15-17 centimeters. The wall is moderately thick, up to 6 millimeters.
Thick-walled and juicy peppers
The "fat men" have their own advantages: more juicy sweet pulp, weight, size. Every fan, regardless of experience and experience, will want to have such peppers in his garden.
"Tsar" grade of pepper.Combines bountiful harvests with good transport tolerance. Fruits are medium in size, bright scarlet, weighing up to 200 grams. They are good raw and canned.
The bushes are tall, strong, and the fruits match them: the mass of one pepper, with proper feeding, reaches half a kilogram. Ripening periods are average.
Contrary to the name, the fruits of White Gold are not white, but yellow. They differ in size and weight. Each peppercorn is cubic in shape, gaining weight up to 450 grams.
A versatile variety. It can be grown both in a greenhouse and in a garden bed. The height of the bush is up to 70 centimeters. The fruits are elongated, red, the average length is about 12 centimeters and weighs 150 grams.
A medium early sweet pepper variety. Speaks in 130 days. The wall is moderately thick, up to 6 millimeters, the weight of the fruit is 150 grams. Not particularly fruitful, but versatile in the place of cultivation and use.
A variety with dark (almost black) fruits of medium size. Bushes are small, no more than half a meter. It grows in the garden and in the greenhouse, the fruits ripen in 120 days.
This is not an apple, but a variety of sweet peppers. Unpretentious, good-looking, does not require special care. Suitable for Siberia and the Moscow region. It matures in 95-120 days.
A common hybrid, often referred to as bell peppers. Early, grown in greenhouse conditions and in the garden. Ripeness - up to 105 days technically and up to 115 - biologically. Possesses amazing taste characteristics.
The sweetest varieties
Among the variety of types of pepper crops, both exceptionally large and the most delicious are distinguished. Usually, the fruits contain a slight sourness or signature peppery taste, but breeders have developed varieties that compete with fruits in sweetness. Most of them are hybrids.
A sweet pepper hybrid originally from the Netherlands. Perfectly adapted to the harsh conditions of the cold regions of Russia (Siberia, the Urals). It matures early, on the 72nd day after rooting of the seedlings, cubic stalwarts weighing up to 400 grams grow. Hardy, unpretentious, stress-resistant. The ideal variety is extreme.
An early ripening hybrid variety for a wide variety of culinary uses. Grows in 100 days (beginning of fruiting). The bushes are high, up to one and a half meters. The average fruit weight is about 250 grams. The peppers are massive, thick-walled, juicy.
Indicators of the ripening time for this species are averaged, up to 130 days. Growth is also not outstanding, about 90 centimeters. But the fruits are rightfully considered giants. Each pepper is up to 20 centimeters long and weighs up to 400 grams.
Claudio has solid advantages: yield, versatility, early ripening (up to 80 days). One pepper weighs up to a quarter of a kilogram, it has a juicy, rich taste. It remains fresh and frozen for a long time.
Tall peppers for open ground and greenhouses
Tall crops, in contrast to compact ones, allow harvesting large fruits, get more sun and heat. This is their main advantage, which, however, is leveled by the need to tie the stems.
According to the growing season (80 days), the Merchant is classified as a precocious species. The fruit is rich in vitamin C, the wall is up to 7 millimeters thick. The size and yield are average, ripe pepper has a rich dark red color.
An early variety of garden peppers, ripens in 110 days. The fruiting period is extended, the peppers gradually change the green color of the peel (technical ripeness) to bright red (biological). The wall is medium, up to 6 millimeters. The fruits are cone-shaped.
The height of this variety is up to 2 meters, the fruits are massive, weighing up to 120 grams. The pulp is juicy, up to 6 millimeters thick. A slightly cut tip on the pepper. The aroma is not pronounced, the taste is sweet, pleasant.
Compact species do not shine in size, it is difficult for them to compete with tall ones in terms of height and size of the fruit. They are used in greenhouses and greenhouses, do not require tying. Their main advantage is less demanding maintenance. The low yield is skillfully compensated by the density of planting plantations. These are Chanterelle, Sveta, Fakir, Agapovsky, Gemini, Ilya Muromets and others.
New varieties, bred in 2021
Every year, through the efforts of breeders, new, improved species appear. In the next season, it is recommended to try Admiral Kolchak, Admiral Nakhimov, Belogor, Bison (yellow and red), Big jackpot, Be healthy.
Rating of the largest species
Experienced gardeners know that large-fruited species are suitable both for their own use and for sale. Often the size of the vegetable is combined with a bountiful harvest, which is doubly beneficial. Among the best varieties are: Cockatoo F1, Chokolat Beauty, Bogdan, Goodwin F1 (sweet), Avangard (sweet), Anastasia, Boneta, King Kong.
The best peppers of the Dutch selection
Many good varieties have been bred in the Netherlands, which are successfully cultivated in Russia. Their advantages lie in stable performance and productivity. Gardeners use Orange Wonder F1, Indalo F1, Montero F1, Pantino F1.
Good varieties with yellow and orange fruits
Among the variety of species, colors, shapes, varieties of yellow and orange color stand out. In addition to their unusual color, they have an emphasized sweetish note, there is a minimum amount of sourness in them. At the stage of technical ripeness, these species are usually bright green.
Recommended varieties for planting in the Urals and Siberia
Gardeners from "cold" regions often doubt which pepper to plant, so as not to be mistaken with the ripening time, with the choice of the species. They are guaranteed to ripen, to bring a harvest in Siberia Daucous, Tolstosum, Golden Calf, Sweet chocolate.
"Siberian" variety, classified as medium early in terms of ripening. Peppers of a rich orange hue, cubic, with a record-breaking thick juicy pulp (up to 2 centimeters).
Pepper exot: chocolate on the outside, red on the inside. The pulp is sweet, juicy, suitable both for home preparation and for eating raw.
Firstborn of Siberia
One of the early-maturing species, fully corresponds to its name: the harvest can begin to be harvested in 100 days. Resistant to garden diseases.
Not large (up to 60 grams), but stably ripening fruits appear after 95 days. The seeds hatch quickly, give strong shoots. The wall is medium thick, up to 6 millimeters. Up to 4 kilograms of sweet, aromatic pepper can be obtained from a square meter.
Early appearance (vegetative period - 105 days). Unpretentious, resistant to viruses. The bushes are vigorous, up to 1.2 meters. Ripe peppers stand out for their rich red skin and pulp.
A beginner variety that has proven itself in cold climates. Not afraid of frost, grows in the garden. Bushes are medium-sized, no higher than 60 centimeters. The color of the ripe fruit is red.
What to plant in Central Russia
The middle zone is no longer Siberia, but not yet the south. You will need to choose unpretentious, hardened types of peppers that can grow, mature in a cool summer. When landing "under the film" the task is simplified. Most types of peppers feel great in greenhouses and greenhouses, special tunnels. For the Middle Belt, varieties bred and zoned for cold regions are suitable; they will bear fruit steadily in warmer climates.
A product of domestic agronomists. The height of the bush is up to half a meter. Fruits are red in color, tapering towards the end, moderately thick-walled (up to 7 millimeters). A very tasty variety, in it the sweetness is balanced by the content of ascorbic acid.
An Antiquarian planted in a greenhouse will bloom at 72 days, and fully mature at 150 days. The bush is tall, up to 120 centimeters. The fruits gain weight up to a quarter of a kilogram, the wall is juicy, 7 millimeters. Needs support.
It is worth counting 110 days, and large, fleshy peppers will appear on the table. Araps skillfully disguise themselves when ripe, changing their color from purple to red. Harvest look, yield per square meter - up to 5 kilograms. The average fruit weight is about 100 grams.
This guest is from sunny Italy. The variety has taken root in Russia, it is successfully grown both in the Central zone and in the northwest. The bush is compact, no higher than 60 centimeters. The plump fruits are honey-yellow, gaining weight up to 250 grams.
Another early variety. Peppers are moderately thick-walled, each weighing up to 130 grams. A bush of medium height. Hardy, tolerates long-term lack of moisture without consequences. Productivity - up to 10 kilograms from the "square" of the plantation.
Popular varieties for the Moscow region
To get an excellent harvest in the conditions of the Middle Lane, Moscow Region, you need to fulfill 2 conditions:
- Choose a suitable variety.
- Purchase seeds from a trusted supplier.
The following is a list of the best varieties to grow in the region.
Pepper has taken root throughout the Middle Lane, as well as in the Moscow region. The fruit is closer to a ball than a classic cone. The color changes sequentially from dark green to deep red. Indispensable when preparing salads, home preservation.
One of the best varieties demanded by gardeners. Not susceptible to temperature extremes, pathogens. The fruits retain their commercial characteristics and are perfectly stored.
A productive look, unpretentious and hardy. For Moscow and the region - it is better not to come up with. Seedlings of seedlings take root well, quickly begin to bear fruit. The variety is considered early maturing.
Winnie the Pooh
Compact, but early maturing. The bush rarely exceeds 25 centimeters in height. Fruit ripening period - up to 100 days. It is transported without loss of presentation, taste.
A productive but demanding species in cultivation. Not afraid of diseases, adapted for storage and transportation.
Contrary to the name, Hercules is small, but strong: the bushes are undersized, dotted with many massive fruits. The peppers themselves are juicy, fleshy, with an increased wall thickness.