Potato "Nakra" from the patent holder of the All-Russian Research Institute of Potato named after A. G. Lorch is one of the most popular varieties suitable not only for table purposes, but also for processing for starch, as well as for the manufacture of crisp. The mid-season variety is included in the State Register for the West Siberian Region and shows a high yield in almost any climatic conditions.
Potato Nakra: variety description
Bushes are tall, intermediate type, upright. The flower corolla is large, reddish-violet. Inflorescences are small. Leaves are medium sized, green. The tubers are oval-round in shape, covered with smooth or medium-rough red skin.
The mass of the tuber varies from 65 to 165 g. The pulp is light yellow in color, with a starch content of 18-22%. The period from seedlings to the technical maturity of tubers averages three months. In colder climates, the vegetation period takes 110-120 days. Recommended cultivation areas are the Volga-Vyatka, West Siberian, East Siberian and Far Eastern regions.
Advantages and disadvantages
Mid-season potato variety called "Nakra" has proved to be a very promising variety with the following qualitative characteristics:
- the formation of a beautiful, aligned form of tubers;
- obtaining a high yield in the absence of proper care of plants;
- wide area of use of harvested crops;
- keeping quality during storage - from medium to good indicators, reaches 95%;
- palatability - from medium to good indicators;
- the marketability of tubers is 85-90%.
In addition, the description of the variety allows us to regard it as having an average resistance to viral diseases, as well as relative resistance to late blight of tops and tubers, rhizoctonia and scab.
Potato: planting walk-behind tractor
Potato Nakra: planting rules
In the period from planting to the appearance of the first seedlings, the buds on the tubers start growing, and the nutrients laid in the planting material contribute to the formation of the underground parts of the stems and stem roots. The technology of planting potatoes depends on the area allocated for the cultivation of this vegetable crop, as well as the skills of the gardener and the availability of mechanization.
The gardener must pay attention to planting dates, row spacing and depth of planting holes, as well as the quality of seed potatoes and climatic conditions, in addition:
- during autumn digging of the soil, it is necessary to bookmark nutrients, including peat moss composts or straw humus;
- a month before planting, heating or germination of potato seed tubers is carried out at a temperature of 18 ° C;
- for planting, it is recommended to purchase high-grade tubers with an average weight of 50 g to 90 g;
- if you plan to use mechanical planting in the planting process, then prepared and germinated potatoes must be sorted by size.
Depending on the type of soil, various planting methods can be used. Smooth landing is used on well-warming areas, presented moderately loose and moist soil. The presence of soil waterlogged by groundwater, as well as significantly compacted and heavy soils, which complicate air circulation, requires the use of ridge landing. Landing pattern 60-65x35 cm at a depth of 8-10 cm.
The implementation of the full range of measures necessary for the proper growth and development of potatoes contributes to a good harvest of quality tubers:
- potato care should be started a week after planting, which will provide the best conditions for growth and development:
- the main loosening in the row-spacings is required to be carried out after heavy rains and watering, when the soil on the site is compacted and significantly settles;
- the first watering of potatoes is carried out immediately after the emergence of seedlings, the second - at the phase of emergence of buds, and the third - immediately after flowering;
- with prolonged dry and very hot weather, potato plantings are abundantly watered about once every seven to ten days;
- It is recommended to feed potato plantations a month after planting (in the southern regions, the event is carried out approximately at the end of May, and in the more northern regions fertilizers are applied in June);
- potatoes respond very well to making mullein or bird droppings at the rate of about 0.2 kg per square meter.
- potatoes "Nakra" when growing needs timely hilling, as well as regular removal of all weeds from the site.
You may also be interested in an article in which we talk about potatoes of the Otrada variety.
How to prepare potatoes for planting
Potato "Nakra" is declared by the originator as a highly resistant and unpretentious variety, characterized by excellent taste and high yield. However, quite often you can find reviews of gardeners who do not appreciate this potato variety too highly.
The taste qualities of this amateur sortan, and it is quite difficult to call it universal. In addition, very often when growing it, you can encounter a high level of susceptibility to plant parasites, which requires the gardener to carry out several effective preventive sprayings.