To protect potatoes from defeat by the main pests and diseases, it is necessary to process planting material with modern and effective insect-fungicidal preparations. The Prestige product from the manufacturer Bayer Crop-Science is positioned as an insect-fungicide disinfectant to protect potatoes from gnawing and sucking pests, including soil-cultivators, as well as against pathogens of some potato diseases.
Description and principle of action of the drug
Potatoes throughout the growing season need preventive and protective measures. The action of the treater "Prestige" is aimed at combating the following factors affecting potato planting:
- Colorado beetle;
- a bear;
- different types of wireworm;
- beetle larvae;
- moths and fleas.
The active substances of the concentrated suspension are imidacloprid (140 g / l) and pencicuron (150 g / l).
|The name of the active substance||Chemical class||Mechanism of action||Activity spectrum|
|Imidacloprid||Neonicotinoid||Blocking the transmission of nerve impulses at the receptor level of the postsynaptic membrane.||Diptera (Homoptera), beetles (Coleoptera), thrips (Thysanoptera), Lepidoptera (Lepidoptera)|
|Pencicuron||Contact pesticide||Inhibition of germination of the mycelium, inhibition of biosynthetic processes with the participation of sterol and free fatty acids inside fungi, a decrease in the content of glucose transport forms.||Rhizoctonia and scab|
The tool is characterized by high rates of selective activity in relation to the processed material. The effectiveness of insecticidal protection is observed within one and a half to two months from the moment of emergence of mass shoots. Fungicidal effects are observed throughout the entire period of active vegetation. In addition, the drug is characterized by the speed of initial activity, which reaches a peak a few hours after the processing activities. The tool can be used to process not only potatoes, but also the root systems of other vegetable crops. Besides, "Prestige" has pronounced anti-stress properties.
Prestige: Potato Processing
About the dangers of the remedy
Many gardeners fear that the potato becomes harmful after processing with the Prestige, and doubt that it can be safely eaten. Instructions for use include the drug in the third class of toxicity, therefore, according to the classifier of toxic drugs of the Ministry of Health, "Prestige" is recognized as moderately dangerous.
Pentcicuron and imidacloprid are chemical etchants. However, penicicuron on the surface of the soil and in water undergoes photodegradation. A study of the dynamics of the residual amount of imidacloprid in plants showed that the substance through the vascular system penetrates mainly into the leaves and practically does not enter the fruits.
At the Medvedev Research Institute of Ecological Hygiene, specialists repeatedly conducted research on vegetable crops and potatoes to detect drug residues in them. As a result, it was possible to prove that a month and a half after the treatment, no harmful or toxic compounds were found in vegetables and potatoes.
Instructions for use
Potato tubers intended for planting must be subjected to heating, gardening and germination. Seed should be poured onto the film on the day of planting. A working solution for processing potatoes is prepared at the rate of 10 ml of the drug per 100 ml of water. This amount is enough to disinfect 10 kg of seed tubers.
After thorough and uniform spraying, it is necessary to wait for the tuber surface to dry, and then plant. When using "Prestige" in private households as a preventive and protective measure, it is necessary to strictly adhere to the instructions supplied by the manufacturer, and with a large number of wireworm landings, the consumption rate of the drug should be maximum. If "Prestige" is used in tank mixtures with other protective agents, microelements or growth regulators, it is necessary to make sure of their chemical compatibility and the expediency of simultaneous use.
Despite the declared low toxicity of the drug "Prestige" and minimal harm to health, in the process of preparing the working solution and when processing plants, it is necessary to observe the generally accepted precautions:
- carry out work in overalls, glasses and rubber gloves; then take a shower and change into clean clothes;
- in case of contact of a toxic substance with eyes, rinse immediately with clean running water;
- if the drug enters the body, wash the stomach, take adsorbents (activated charcoal or polysorb) and contact a medical institution.
Analogs of "Prestige"
Currently, there are a huge number of purchased and folk remedies that protect crops from diseases and pests. They vary in degree of effectiveness and duration of action.
A good substitute for Prestige can be Mospilan, Confidor, Actellik and Aktara.
|Drug name||Manufacturer||Prescription of the drug (used to control which pests)||Method of use||Compatibility with other drugs|
|Mospilan||Nippon Soda Co., Ltd (Japan)||Bedbugs, Colorado potato beetle, aphids, greenhouse whiteflies, scale insects||The contents of one package (2.5 g) is enough for processing 8-10 acres E1||Compatible with most insecticides and pesticides.|
|Confidor||Bayer cropscience||Aphids, scale insects, thrips, mealybug, Colorado potato beetle||Working solution of the drug: 2 g per 10 l of water||Compatible with most pesticides, growth regulators|
|Actellik||Syngenta Crop Protection AG (Switzerland)||A complex of leaf-eating and sucking pests||Spraying with working solution according to the attached instructions||Compatible in tank mixtures with almost all insecticides and fungicides|
|"Aktara"||Syngenta Crop Protection AG (Switzerland)||Most pests||Spraying with working solution according to the attached instructions||Compatible with most insecticides and pesticides.|
The greatest effectiveness is shown by drugs and preparations that have similar active substances: imidacloprid and pencicuron in different concentrations.
|Drug name||Active components||Prescription of the drug (used to control which pests)||Consumption rate||Compatibility with other drugs|
|Bator||Imidacloprid 140 g / l + pencicuron 150 g / l||Diptera, beetles, thrips, Lepidoptera, rhizoctoniosis, common scab||0.7-1 l / ha||Requires compatibility check with other tools|
|Tanger||140 g / l imidacloprid + pencicuron 150 g / l||Wireworm, Colorado potato beetle,|
aphid virus carrier,
|70-100 ml per 1 liter of water E2||Compatible with most pesticides, growth regulators|
|"Rector"||imidacloprid, 140 g / l; pencicuron 150 g / l||Colorado potato beetle, aphids, potato moths, wireworm and pseudowater larvae, Maybug larvae, gnawing scoops, bear, rhizoctoniosis, common scab, wet rot||Spraying with working solution according to the attached instructions. E3||Compatible with growth regulators, biologically active components, fertilizers|
Wanting to get environmentally friendly products, gardeners and summer residents resort to folk remedies for processing potatoes in the first place.
To combat the Colorado potato beetle, it is recommended to plant garlic, cilantro, matthiola, calendula, red beets and beans next to potatoes. Dusting seed tubers with birch ash is quite effective, as well as adding onion husks to the planting holes.
Reviews of summer residents
Funds from the well-known Bayer company have long been in demand among gardeners, gardeners and gardeners. Judging by the reviews, the main advantages of using the Prestige drug are getting clean potatoes without bugs and rhizoctoniosis throughout the summer, as well as pronounced stimulated plant growth.
However, the drug, according to consumers, is not without drawbacks, which include the high cost of the product, as well as a large number of fakes at points of sale of chemical protective equipment.
How to grow potatoes
In general, the Prestige etching agent, manufactured by a German manufacturer, has worked well. Its strong insecticidal and fungicidal effect allows to reduce the total number of plant treatments and reduce the negative effects of chemistry on vegetable products.