Tips

Pear varieties "Lada": description, especially planting and care


Pear Lada is one of the classic varieties that has successfully taken root in gardens throughout Russia. Slender beauty, strewn with juicy egg-shaped fruits, won the fame of the most popular pear. Its full characterization is replete with the positive qualities of the variety: resistance to all kinds of diseases, colds and pests, ease of care, “longevity” of the tree and low demands on the quality of the soil.

Variety Characteristics

Pear Lada - a variety of "okay" and "accommodating", was created several decades ago by academicians Chizhov and Potapov. Parent varieties for her were Olga and Forest Beauty. From her predecessors, she received only positive qualities, from the point of view of the average gardener, that acquired particular value for summer residents of the Non-Black Earth Region and the Moscow Region.

This variety belongs to the summer, that is, its ripening period is relatively short. The average height of the tree is about 2.5 m. The plant has a pronounced stem, and its crown varies from funnel-shaped (up to 3 years old) to pyramidal (in the form of a cone) from the beginning of fruiting. The density of the arrangement of branches and shoots in the crown is average, which facilitates the formation of a tree due to the absence of the need for total pruning.

The main advantages of the Lada pear are its very high resistance to disease, as well as its ability to endure winter cold, short-term thaws and freezing frosts. Unlike other varieties, this pear is characterized by early maturity - it begins to bear fruit in the 4th year after the seedling is planted in a permanent place.

How to grow a pear in the middle lane

Appearance of a tree and fruits

The bark on the stem is dark gray, on the branches - the same palette, but slightly lighter, with small wrinkles in the lower part of the trunk. Young shoots are brown, relatively long, curved. The internodes are smooth, with small few lentils. The buds are bright brown, cone-shaped, medium deviated from the shoot line. Lada leaf blades differ little from pears of other varieties. The elongated oval shape of the sheet is combined with a glossy surface and serrated edge.

The flowers of this variety are of medium size, collected in a corymbose brush of 5-7 pieces each. Petals are painted white, do not change their color during the opening of the bud. The margin of the petals is whole, the average closeness in the flower.

Lada is a typical summer pear, and therefore its fruits do not differ in large sizes. FROMthe average weight of one pear is ovoid in shape is about 100-110 g. The surface of the fruit is smooth, with almost imperceptible subcutaneous dots and a slight rust near the stalk. The core is weakly expressed, and there are no more than 5 seeds in each fruit.

The pulp of pears of the variety Lada is white, with slight yellowness, fine-grained, sweet and sour. The aroma is weakly expressed, but the density of the pulp is satisfactory, which allows them to be used fresh, for canning and even drying. Fresh pears of this variety are not stored for long (no more than 2 months), transportation is poorly tolerated, and only if placed in one layer in boxes with a substrate of shavings.

Growing conditions

A pear, like other fruit trees, needs light, warmth and moisture. It is by these criteria that they choose a place for its landing. Variety Lada in this regard is no different from other varieties, and therefore the best place for it will be an open area. The variety tolerates light shading, but only really light, so you need to plant it at least 3 meters from the north side of the buildings. Ideally, the crown should be at least 10 hours lit by the sun.

Lada also needs heat, so it is better to plant it on the south side of the site. South of it can be located only undersized shrubs. In addition, care must be taken to ensure that the pear is not supercooled by the northern cold winds, which can lead to a deterioration in its growth and a decrease in productivity.

Another point is planting on suitable soil with a deep occurrence of groundwater. Sandstones, as well as rocky or clay areas, are not suitable for pear. The description of the variety says that its roots do not tolerate the overmoistening that occurs on heavy soils, but at the same time require a sufficient amount of moisture, which is not enough in the sandstones. Even if the soil on the site is not suitable for cultivating the crop, you can prepare a large planting pit for the tree, in which a mixture of loam with the addition of humus and garden soil will be laid.

Rules for planting seedlings

Seedlings for planting should be chosen from among the healthiest and most attractive in appearance, so that there are no noticeable distortions or signs of diseases of the crown and roots. The best time to plant a pear is spring. It is recommended to prepare the planting pit in advance so that the soil mixture poured into it is well compacted during the winter. The width of the pit is 100 cm, the depth is not more than 60 cm. A mixture of the top layer of garden soil and humus (about 60 kg per pit) is laid on its bottom. Also it is recommended to add 1.5 kg of superphosphate, 0.7 kg of potash fertilizers and a little lime (about 2 cups) to each pit.

In spring, the upper part of the substrate is loosened and laid out in the form of a knoll so that at the edges of the planting pit there remains a depression of 5-7 cm, and in the center it is flush with the surrounding soil. A sapling is placed on this mound. The roots need to be smoothed out very carefully, after which they can be gently sprinkled with earth in such a layer that the pit becomes even with the surface of the soil in the garden. With this method of planting, the root neck of the pear will be in the correct position - a couple of centimeters above the soil.

In the future, care for the young pear will consist in regular watering. It can only be fed with organic, but only from the third year after planting. Later in the spring, organic matter is added under each tree (2-3 buckets of humus for each tree), and in the fall - phosphorus-potash. Such dressing is recommended to be done every 2-3 years, and the rest of the time it is enough to water the tree 1-2 times a month with a sufficient amount of water.

Best neighbors for pear Lada

Pear Lada refers to partially self-fertile varieties. This means that for normal fruiting, pears of other varieties should be planted next to it. The main criterion for selecting pollinators is the coincidence of flowering periods and crown sizes. These conditions allow you to grow pears together without loss of productivity due to the shading of some plants by others.

The best pollinators for Lada:

  • Severyanka - an early variety with high frost and winter hardiness;
  • Rogneda is an early autumn variety with excellent winter hardiness;
  • Otradnenskaya is a variety with an autumn ripening period and good winter hardiness;
  • Chizhovskaya is a late variety with high winter hardiness;
  • Space - summer, very productive grade.

All pollinating varieties have the same crown as Lada - a compact medium-sized, small size. Based on this, an approximate planting scheme for plants on the site is also determined. The distance between the trees should be about 4 meters. For normal pollination on 5 trees of the Lada variety, it is enough to plant one pear pollinator. In the literature for gardeners there is information about a way to save space by grafting the branches of a pollinator variety into the crown of a pear Lada.

How to prune a pear

Gardeners reviews about Pear Lada

Pear Lada has long been included in the "Golden Collection" of varieties that grow well and bear fruit in the middle lane and Moscow region. Moreover, in Russia it is successfully grown even in the Urals and east of it. According to gardeners, this variety is distinguished by external accuracy, as well as stable fruiting. If other varieties tend to periodically "rest", then Lada does not allow itself this. She brings at least 50 kg of fruit annually, despite the cold winters and not very sunny summer days. Positive reviews also mention the good quality of its fruits, which go to almost all types of preparations, including preserves, compotes and dried fruits.