Pear "Lira" refers to the early winter varieties from the selection of the All-Russian Research Institute of selection of fruit crops. The authorship of the variety belongs to famous breeders E. N. Sedov, A. V. Parshin, M. V. Mikheeva, N. G. Krasova and N. M. Glazova.
The variety was bred as a result of crossbreeding of the popular variety Berenaya Michurina, popular with gardeners, with an equally well-known pear variety called Forest Beauty. The variety is in the state test and zoned for cultivation in the Central Black Earth region.
Pear "Lira" tall and large. The variety description assumes the presence of a wide pyramidal crown shape with average density indicators. The shoots are medium in thickness, arched, brownish-brown in color. Kidney bent type, conical shape. The leaves are medium, with a gentle nerve.
Large-sized fruits, the average weight of which is at least 185-195 g. They are characterized by external attractiveness, one-dimensionality, wide pear-shaped or elongated pear-shaped. The surface is smooth, with a wide ribbing. The skin is smooth, dry, without gloss. The color is greenish, with a slight tan of a brownish-red color. The pulp is whitish-cream, of dense consistency, with fine grain, very juicy and sweet. The aroma is insignificant.
The consumer period of use of the harvested crop lasts from the first decade of October to the last days of December. Productivity is high and regular. Winter hardiness is average. The variety, according to breeders and gardeners, has sufficient resistance to scab damage.
Pear "Lira": features of the variety
The soil at the Lira pear growing site should have high fertility and good structure. Fruit trees, according to existing recommendations of specialists, are planted in autumn or spring. In the southern regions of Russia, fruit plantings can be planted from autumn to spring.
At the site prepared for planting pear seedlings, good drainage must be present, stagnation of soil water and the proximity of groundwater are absolutely not allowed. Cultivated areas with sandy loamy or loamy soils are optimally suited for the proper cultivation of pear trees. Saplings of this variety take root very well on loamy soils, but if there is sandy soil on the site, two buckets of peat must be introduced into the planting pit.
When buying pear seedlings, it is necessary to pay attention not only to the plant's health indicators, but also to the type of rootstock on which the variety was grown. The type of stock used for growing is one of the main factors that directly affect the drought tolerance of a fruit plant.
Seed types of rootstocks are distinguished by their power and increased drought tolerance, therefore fruit trees on such rootstocks will be stronger and more durable. A plant grafted onto a pear seedling will have better resistance to adverse weather factors than seedlings grafted onto stocks from quince, irigas, hawthorn or cotoneaster.
A pear called "Lira" must be correctly and timely cut. Proper crown formation helps to increase the productivity of the fruit tree and improves the quality of the crop. The crown of the pear can be formed not only by trimming, but also by bending the branches.
It is very important to distinguish between the forming, supporting and anti-aging types of pruning of the crown of fruit stands. Forming pruning is actively used in the first years of plant growth and is aimed at forming the correct crown base, as well as stimulating the development of fruit crops.
Using the method of forming a freely growing palmette with a two-tiered system of branches is recommended when forming fruit seedlings grown on long-growing types of stocks. When cultivating varieties with a weak branching type, characterized by pronounced vertical growth of shoots, the formation of fruit branches is somewhat different. It is recommended to deflect vigorous shoots in a horizontal position. This method improves not only the appearance of the plant, but also its productivity.
Reviews gardeners and gardeners
A pear called "Lira" is highly appreciated by gardeners and gardeners for early maturity and high productivity. The variety is characterized by a long shelf life of the crop, pronounced dessert pleasant taste of the fruits and their high marketability.
Pear: variety selection
Judging by the reviews, the disadvantages of this variety are insignificant and relate to not very high winter hardiness, which complicates the cultivation in risky farming areas, where gardeners have to pay increased attention to preparing fruit plantations for the winter period.