Yellow squash belongs to the herbaceous plants of the genus Pumpkin, family Pumpkin, is a type of common squash. This vegetable crop not only looks very impressive against the background of green foliage, but also has excellent taste qualities of fruits, which make it possible to widely use zucchini in various types of harvesting and cooking.
Yellow squash is less popular in world cuisine than the very common zucchini, but it is very common in garden plots and household plots in different regions of our country. In addition to a peculiar coloring of the skin, yellow zucchini is characterized by a more fibrous structure of ripe pulp.
Such zucchini are quite popular among gardeners and consumers of fresh vegetable products due to their external attractiveness and low calorie content, which is only 17-18 kcal per 100 g of pulp. Yellow-fruited zucchini varieties have proven themselves in diet and baby food.
How to plant zucchini
Characterization of yellow fruit varieties
To date, yellow zucchini has already left the category of vegetable exotics and is successfully cultivated by summer residents in personal plots. Vegetable growers and gardeners prefer several of the most promising varieties.
|Grade name||Description and characteristic||Advantages and disadvantages||Ripening dates and productivity|
|"Pear-shaped"||Pear-shaped fruits, measuring no more than 23 x 13 cm and weighing up to 0.9-1.3 kg. The pulp is dark orange, fragrant||Perfect for processing and is widely used in cooking. Fruits are stored for a long time||High yield early variety|
|Golda||Fruits are golden-orange, up to 40-50 cm long and with an average weight of no more than 2.5-3 kg||Disease-resistant and high-grade variety||Early hybrid with high productivity up to 450-570 kg / ha|
|Goldrash||Golden yellow fruits up to 20 cm long and weighing up to 210 g. The flesh is creamy white, very tender||Dutch hybrid, suitable for fresh consumption, as well as canning||Early ripe hybrid with a yield of 11.5 kg / sq. m|
|"Yellow fruit"||Intensively colored, bright yellow fruits of cylindrical shape, weighing 0.8-0.9 kg, with high sugar content||Sufficient resistance to mildew damage||Ripening zucchini with a yield of up to 20 kg / sq. m|
|Zolotinka||Fruits weighing up to 1 kg and excellent taste||Sufficient resistance to mildew damage||Ripening zucchini with a yield of about 16-18 kg per square meter|
|Helena||Golden yellow fruits up to 20 cm long and weighing up to 610 g. The flesh is yellow, very tender and tasty.||Sufficient resistance of the variety to powdery mildew and bacteriosis||Early ripening variety with a yield of 15.4-27.5 t / ha|
|Sunlight||Fruits with a diameter of 4-5 cm, a length of not more than 18 cm, golden yellow in color, with dense white flesh||Suitable for fresh consumption and processing.||High yield French hybrid early ripening form|
Such varieties of yellow zucchini as Banana, Atena Polka-F1, Pineapple, Pinocchio, Tender Marshmallow, Lemonade Joe, Generous Athlete, Peppy are also of interest to home gardening. Mary Gold F1 and the Yellow Stars.
Yellow squash is a fairly unpretentious, tasty and healthy vegetable that grows very well in the home garden and is widely used in cooking.
Planting zucchini in open ground involves the preliminary processing of planted seed material. The best predecessors for zucchini are early cauliflower and cabbage, green and bean crops, as well as root crops, tomatoes, potatoes and onions. Planting zucchini can be done not only with seeds, but also with seedlings. Planting zucchini on ridges in open ground is necessary after the threat of late spring cold weather has passed, due to the high sensitivity of the plant to frost.
Seedling method is well suited for early vegetable production. To grow zucchini suitable for long-term storage, it is recommended to carry out direct sowing of seeds in open ground from mid-May to mid-June. A significant part of yellow-fruit varieties belongs to early ripening, therefore, a vegetable crop planted at these times is able to form a plentiful harvest.
According to the calls of experienced gardeners, when growing in the middle zone of our country, it is advisable to remove the film from the ridges no earlier than mid-June. Before emergence, the temperature regime is recommended to be maintained at a level not lower than + 17-20 ° С. From further care for the plants will depend not only the crop yield, but also the quality indicators of the fruit.
We offer you to read an article in which we talk about the features and options for cooking zucchini.
Zucchini care consists in the implementation of activities such as watering, weeding and loosening the soil, as well as top dressing:
- for the first time, loosening the soil should be carried out about a week after planting seedlings;
- the full growth and fruiting of this vegetable crop depends on watering, therefore, until flowering, zucchini should be watered at least once a week, spending about 5-6 liters of water for each plant;
- at the stage of fruit formation and ripening, irrigation measures should be increased and irrigated approximately twice a week with a flow rate of 10 liters of water per square meter;
- watering the squash is necessary with water at room temperature, since the use of cold water often causes decay of the ovaries and young fruits;
- before flowering, plants should be fed a solution of nitrophosphate, which can be replaced with mullein or chicken droppings;
- the second feeding is carried out at the flowering stage using wood ash and organic fertilizers;
- for the third top dressing at the phase of fruit formation and ripening of the crop, it is desirable to use Efekton fertilizer;
- in order to improve the illumination of the fruit, it is recommended to pinch the apical part of the whip over the fourth or fifth sheet.
How to grow zucchini
At the stage of active vegetation, it is necessary to carry out protective treatments for zucchini from damage by root rot, anthracnosis, powdery mildew and white rot. Zucchini can also be affected by a spider mite, whitefly, sprout fly and melon aphid. Timely treatment of crops from these parasites and diseases will help to maintain plant health and get a good harvest.